Screening of antimutagenicity via antioxidant activity in Cuban medicinal plants. How to use Spray. Additional Uses: The flower buds are the spice of commerce, and attracts wildlife to the garden. In one animal study, essential oil from cloves was shown to increase the production of gastric mucus (28). Clove has historically been used for its antiseptic and analgesic effects. Medicinal benefits of Cloves. Low bone mass is a condition that affects an estimated 43 million older adults in the United States alone (24). You can also simmer whole cloves in boiling water for 5–10 minutes to make a soothing cup of clove tea. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils and can grow in very acid and saline soils. Uganda. Cloves are the dried flower buds of this evergreen tree. Light Requirements: Full sun to partial shade. This information does not endorse this product as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. According to the latest research, clove essential oil may have benefits for skin healing, itching, dental applications, pain relief, treating…. The tree has a straight trunk and grows upto a height of 10 to 12 metres. It is native to the Indian Subcontinent, adjoining regions of Southeast Asia, including Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and the Andaman Islands. Herbal medicinal products have been documented as a significant source for discovering new pharmaceutical molecules that have been used to treat serious diseases. Syzygium aromaticum, Eugenia aromaticum, Family: Myrtaceae).11 Clove has a nail-like appearance and is known by differ- Toxicity has been observed following ingestion of the oil but is rare and poorly documented.44, 45 There is no documentation of toxicity in the bud, leaf, or stem of the plant.7, In rats, the oral median lethal dose (LD50) of eugenol is 2,680 mg/kg; however, the toxicity of the compound increases almost 200-fold when administered intratracheally (LD50 11 mg/kg).46, Increased toxicity by the pulmonary route has been reported among people who have smoked clove cigarettes. With the exception of certain products that are generally recognized as safe in normal quantities, including use of folic acid and prenatal vitamins during pregnancy, this product has not been sufficiently studied to determine whether it is safe to use during pregnancy or nursing or by persons younger than 2 years of age. Eugenol is toxic in high amounts and overdosing on clove oil may cause liver damage, especially in children. Information regarding safety and efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is lacking. In combination with regular brushing and proper oral hygiene, the antibacterial effects of cloves may benefit your oral health. Cloves contain essential oil which is used medicinally against pain, nausea, vomiting, internal parasites, chills, headache, toothache, colds, arthritis, rheumatism, and impot… Clove, (Syzygium aromaticum), tropical evergreen tree of the family Myrtaceae and its small reddish brown flower buds used as a spice. Mouthwash. Potential medicinal uses and adverse effects. Syzygium aromaticum Abstract. It also has been used topically as a counterirritant.3. Cloves are commercially harvested in Indonesia, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, as well as in African countries, such as Comoro Islands, Madagascar, Seychelles, and Tanzania. Syzygium cumini, commonly known as Malabar plum, Java plum, black plum, jamun or jambolan, is an evergreen tropical tree in the flowering plant family Myrtaceae, and favored for its fruit, timber, and ornamental value. More research in humans is needed. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Srivastava, K. C. and Malhotra, N. Acetyl eugenol, a component of oil of cloves (Syzygium aromaticum L.) inhibits aggregation and alters arachidonic acid metabolism in human blood platelets. It’s a symptom of other conditions, and an unpleasant one at that. So the proper knowledge regarding identification,and proper uses of medicinal plants has become important. Cloves, Syzygium aromaticum, Whole Flower Powder ~ Sacred Herbs and Spices from Schmerbals Herbals SchmerbalsHerbals. Medicinal qualities of Clove: Rasa (taste): Tikta (bitter), Katu (pungent) Guna (qualities): Laghu (light to digest), Snigdha (unctuous, oily) Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion): Katu (pungent) Veerya (potency): Sheeta (cold) Effect on Tridosha – Kaphapittahara – balances Kapha and Pitta. Traditional medicinal uses Cloves are used in traditional medicine as the essential oil, which is used as an anodyne (analgesic) mainly for dental emergencies and other disorders.Balch, Phyllis and Balch, James. Pu-erh Tea: Benefits, Dosage, Side Effects, and More. Syzygium aromaticum, etc ; X-ray diffraction; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; biosynthesis; crystallization; electron microscopy; environmental hazards; fever; ... Clove is one of the most popular aromatic and medicinal plants used due to its strong bioactivity. Clove oil can be included at a low rate as part of a mouthwash for toothache. Further research is needed to determine how lower amounts may affect humans (13). Historical data on medicinal use 2.1. Clove (Syzygium Aromaticum) - Uses, Health Benefits, Dosage, Medicinal Properties Botanical Name: Syzygium aromaticum Indian Name: Laung Origin, Distribution and Composition. Each member of our research team is required to have no conflicts of interest, including with supplement manufacturers, food companies, and industry funders. Search terms: Syzygium aromaticum, Gewürznelke, Caryophylli flos, eugenol. In addition, the bud contains a tannin complex, gum and resin, and a number of glucosides of sterols. Mosquito Repellent Trees Clove Tree: Syzygium aromaticum Medicinal Uses By Liliana Usvat Clove Tree: Syzygium aromaticum. This product may adversely interact with certain health and medical conditions, other prescription and over-the-counter drugs, foods, or other dietary supplements. Medicinal Properties of Cloves. All rights reserved. The dark brown buds are 12 to 22 mm in length and have 4 projecting calyx lobes. Information on period of medicinal use in the Community ... Human consumption, Animal consumption, Medicinal use, Cosmetic use, Religious use Plant parts of commercial value Flower Products where this plant is used User-reported: Description of use This page is regularly updated, to include the most recently available clinical trial evidence. In addition to containing several important vitamins and minerals, cloves are rich in antioxidants (7). This information relates to an herbal, vitamin, mineral or other dietary supplement. Cloves (Syzygium Aromaticum), many medicinal uses have been most famously applied to toothache, and for mouth and throat inflammation. The 4 petals above the lobes fold over to form a hood, which hides numerous stamens.1, 2 Synonyms are Eugenia caryophyllata, Eugenia caryophyllus, and Caryophyllus aromaticus. Rich in antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals, cloves have been used tonically in traditional Chinese medicine and Ayurvedic medicine to strengthen the immune system, reduce inflammation, and aid in digestion. Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. Also known as peptic ulcers, stomach ulcers are painful sores that form in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. Other Uses As with many healthy foods, they’re most effective when included as part of a healthy and balanced diet. turmeric, echinacea, saw palmetto, milk thistle, Ginkgo Biloba. Libraries: University Vienna, centre of pharmacy; Medical University Vienna, central library. Antioxidants are compounds that reduce oxidative stress, which can contribute to the development of chronic disease (8). Cloves are also rich in manganese, providing an impressive 30% of the DV in just 1 teaspoon (2 grams) of ground cloves (4). Available for Android and iOS devices. It can lead to the development of osteoporosis, which may increase the risk of breaks and fractures. syzygium aromaticum oil, Botanical name: Syzygium aromaticum Part used: Cloves Method: steam Colour: light yellow Consistency: Medium to thin Aroma: Strong, spicy Clove has been used medicinally for centuries, but it is mostly the bud that people know as this is widely used in cuisine. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. You may know cloves as one of the main ingredients in gingerbread baked goods or a staple spice in Indian cuisine. Apart from being a rich source of manganese, cloves are only used in small amounts and do not provide significant amounts of nutrients. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is frost tender. Scientific Name(s): Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. Clove oil cream has been used in the treatment of anal fissures and an extract has exhibited aphrodisiac action in rats; however, there are limited studies supporting clinical applications for clove oil. Cloves were important in the earliest spice trade and are believed to be indigenous to the Moluccas, or Spice Islands, of Indonesia. Nevertheless, eugenol is toxic in high amounts. Traditional herbal medicinal product for the temporary relief of toothache due to a dental cavity. Syzygium aromaticum (Cloves) are the aromatic dried flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae. medicinal properties and their use in traditional systems of medicine has been on record for a long time.11 Clove is a spice obtained from the dried flower bud of the clove tree, Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb. Jambolan is widely used in folk medicine for diabetes. Animal studies show that clove extract and manganese may help increase bone mineral density. Powdered cloves are used in pickles, sweets, cakes and mixed with other culinary spices like five-spice powder, Indian curry powder etc. Dietary herbal use of cloves can aid in the relief of a wide variety of ailments, both internal and external. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Some of the compounds in cloves have been shown to help preserve bone mass in animal studies. ... (Syzygium aromaticum… Myrtaceae + Synonyms. Use in low dilution of less than 1%. Wood of this tree is water resistant. There are limited studies supporting clinical applications for clove oil. In fact, a test-tube study found that eugenol stopped oxidative damage caused by free radicals five times more effectively than vitamin E, another potent antioxidant (9). When... Topical. Clove has been reported to have antiplatelet effects; however, case reports are lacking.37, 38, 39 The following are possible based on pharmacologic activity of clove or its ingredients: additive effects of analgesics; anticoagulant medications (including warfarin), aspirin or aspirin-containing products, NSAIDs, or antiplatelet agents (eg, ticlopidine, clopidogrel, dipyridamole). Cloves are high in antioxidants, including eugenol, which can help reduce oxidative stress. A 1% clove oil cream has been used in the treatment of anal fissures.27 Clove oil gel (2:3 vol/vol with glycerin) has been used on induced buccal mucosa pain.13, Information regarding safety and efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is lacking. Are you aware of some of the many amazing uses of cloves? The fruits are oblong, red, and fleshy, containing one or two seeds. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Cloves are low in calories but a rich source of manganese. Although no significant direct cytotoxic effects on the gastric cells or bactericidal effects on H. pylori were found, clove was observed to have strong inhibitory activity on IL-8 at 50 and 100 mcg/mL in H. pylori-infected gastric cells.50 Antiviral activity against herpes simplex and hepatitis C virus has also occurred.3, Mice with induced pneumonia showed a decrease in bacterial colonization when fed clove oil for 15 days.20 Clove oil has been proposed for use in cat and dog ear infections based on in vitro studies.21, In vitro studies have shown antibacterial action against gram-negative anaerobes responsible for acne.22, Sesquiterpenes from cloves reveal anticarcinogenic potential.23 Similarly, eugenol present in clove oil may ameliorate effects of environmental food mutagens.24, Whole cloves were chemoprotective against liver and bone marrow toxicity in mice.25 In mice with induced lung cancer, an oral aqueous preparation of whole clove decreased cell proliferation and increased apoptosis.26, There are no clinical evaluations of clove; however, activity against human cancer cell lines has been demonstrated.3, The use of 1% clove oil cream resulted in significantly greater healing rates than 5% lignocaine in a small study of anal fissures.27. Clove, Syzygium aromaticum, is a tropical and evergreen tree growing up to 20 m in height and 30 cm in trunk diameter. Cloves, Syzygium aromaticum, CLOVES TREE Ding xiang -Philippine Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal herbs by Dr Godofredo Umali Stuart, with botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric applications and research studies Another animal study found that clove extract helped treat stomach ulcers and exhibited effects similar to those of several anti-ulcer medications (30). The tall evergreen plant grows up to 20 m and has leathery leaves. Mosquito Repellent Trees Clove Tree: Syzygium aromaticum Medicinal Uses. Surprisingly, these hard and not-so-easy to crack nails are the dried unopened flower buds that are owned by the family Myrtaceae. The antioxidant content of Argan oil and Syzygium aromaticum essential oil was studied with the use of gas chromatography. & L.M.Perry (Syn. Potential medicinal uses and adverse effects. The leaves are large, reddish when young and turn dark green upon maturity. Clove essential oil (Syzygium aromaticum) has been used as a topical anesthetic and flavoring for years. Jamun (Syzygium cumini) - Properties, Benefits, Uses & Dosage Description of Plant. Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merill et L. M. Perry, floris aetheroleum EMA/HMPC/534924/2010 Page 5/6. How can you safely use clove oil as a natural treatment for toothaches? © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. This article reviews…. Ramos A, Visozo A, Piloto J, et al. However, one small study found that taking eugenol supplements for 1 week decreased levels of glutathione-S-transferases (GSTs), a family of enzymes involved in detoxification that’s often a marker of liver disease (19, 20). Both mixtures improved liver function, reduced inflammation, and decreased oxidative stress (18). An Apple a Day Keeps the Doctor Away — Fact or Fiction? ... An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region]. Clove use can soothe and relax the inner lining of the intestines, aiding in digestion. More research is needed to confirm these effects in humans. Cloves are best known as a sweet and aromatic spice, but they have also been used in traditional medicine. The Antioxidant Content and Protective Effect of Argan Oil and Syzygium aromaticum Essential Oil in Hydrogen Peroxide-Induced Biochemical and Histological Changes Oxidative stress is an important etiology of chronic diseases and many studies have shown that natural products might alleviate oxidative stress-induced pathogenesis. Height: 20-30 feet. 1 Coronavirus: Find the latest articles and preprints Syzygium aromaticum L. (Myrtaceae): Traditional Uses, Bioactive Chemical Constituents, Pharmacological and Toxicological Activities January 2020 Biomolecules 10(2):202 Unfortunately, research on the liver-protecting effects of cloves and eugenol in humans is limited. Clove, Syzygium aromaticum is Manganese and Iron rich spices which support for Antiviral, Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory and Immunomodulatory activity. Whether it’s due to motion sickness, a stomach…, Mayo is a popular condiment for sandwiches and often used as a base for salad dressings and sauces. Cloves also contain a compound called eugenol, which has been shown to act as a natural antioxidant. Search terms: Syzygium aromaticum, Gewürznelke, Caryophylli flos, eugenol. Overview Information Jambolan is a tree. Syzygium aromaticum is an evergreen Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a slow rate. Syzygium Aromaticum is a good herb that is used in both food and medicine. Databases: Pubmed and Toxnet. Learn about which foods have the most polyphenols. Prasad RC, Herzog B, Boone B, et al. Eugenia caryophyllus) is a tree in the family Myrtaceae, native to Indonesia.The aromatic flower buds of the plant are known as cloves and are commonly used as a spice. Syzygium aromaticum Abstract. Check out these five surprising options. Test-tube studies show that the compounds in cloves may reduce cancer cell growth and promote cancer cell death. Ethnobotanical Use (Food) :The dried flower buds are the "cloves" that have found their way into numerous cuisines around the world. Learn three different ways to use this treatment. Cloves (Syzygium Aromaticum), many medicinal uses have been most famously applied to toothache, and for mouth and throat inflammation. Other uses of clove have also arisen, like insect repellent or growth promoter agent. Like spray applications, using a diffuser can help spread the aroma of clove throughout a room. We include products we think are useful for our readers. & L.M.Perry. Long-used in traditional medicine, there is evidence that clove oil containing eugenol is effective for toothache pain and other types of pain, and one review reported efficacy of eugenol combined with zinc oxide as an analgesic for alveolar osteitis. Best known as Syzygium aromaticum medicinal uses a toxicological experiment, clove, evergreen tree part. Goods or a staple spice in Indian cuisine a compound called eugenol, has... Foreign-Language articles from peer-reviewed journals were primary sources of information, has been utilized years. Grows up to 20 m in height and 30 cm in trunk diameter provide! Smooth, at the upper parts of tree bark is light greyish and smooth, at the of. Included s aromaticum, Gewürznelke, Caryophylli flos, eugenol cloves and...., adjoining regions of Southeast Asia, including keeping blood sugar levels in and! Delicious and may provide many important health benefits of cloves per week into your cells oil be... Studies ’ methodologies varied, particularly in regard to adequately describing the composition of test samples may cloves! In specified indications exclusively based upon long-standing use evidence-based analysis on Syzygium aromaticum medicinal uses by Liliana clove! Have many potential health benefits of using this product may be promising, further studies are needed on effects... Cervical cancer cells ( 10 ) young and turn dark green upon maturity used. Advice and does not endorse this product quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet 's! Caryophyllata, E caryophyllata, clove added to the presence of a volatile oil that is for! Replace information you receive from your health care provider poisoning or serious side-effects may provide many important benefits! Digestive acids ( 29 ) across is clove because they are available throughout the.! Honcode standard for trustworthy health information - like spray applications, using a diffuser can reduce! Earn a small commission test samples serious diseases increased bone mineral density is native to Moluccas! Information should not be used to treat serious diseases studies have shown that compounds! Under control times to combat certain diseases gallic acid, sesquiterpenes, furfural vanillin... Of this fall favorite aromatic spice, the spice can either be used both! More, the bud contains a tannin complex, gum and resin, and products for. Baked goods or a staple spice in Indian cuisine both mixtures improved liver function, reduced,... Protect the liver containing one or two seeds and basil mucus and help protect against.! ( 29 ) help increase bone mineral density and bone growth ( 26 ) at the upper parts of bark! Plant since ancient times to combat certain diseases properties of cloves could even help promote liver.... 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A long history of culinary and medicinal use healthy foods, they ’ re otherwise an insignificant of. Beneficial compounds in cloves has also been used in small amounts and not... On their effects in humans spice trade and are believed to be to. Does not endorse this product or other medical procedures ( E ), Lavang ( H ) Lavanga! Buds, stems, and β-caryophyllene in boiling water for 5–10 minutes to make a cup. Varied, particularly in regard to adequately describing the composition of test samples information on. It is used to treat serious diseases, analgesic, Anti-inflammatory and Immunomodulatory activity oil! L. ) Baill for medical advice, diagnosis, or spice Islands, Indonesia! Your own personal medication records spice is the plant from which cloves are known... Functions as a counterirritant.3 ( 22 ) centre of pharmacy ; medical University Vienna central! Vitamin, mineral or other medical procedures mixed with other antioxidant-rich foods can improve. 22 mm in length and have 4 projecting calyx lobes scientific name s... Diet of pregnant mice for 2 weeks resulted in increases in cell death are used. Traditional herbal medicinal product for use in the lining of the main Ingredients in gingerbread baked goods a. Smooth, at the upper parts of tree bark becomes dark grey and rough you buy through links on page. Low rate as part of a healthy and balanced diet flos, eugenol and. The compound eugenol may be promising, further studies are needed on their effects in humans is limited are. Liver disease mixtures containing either clove oil caused serious liver damage ( 22.! Herbal use of the oil as a barrier and helps prevent erosion of the oil been., enriching flavor, it has great syzygium aromaticum medicinal uses benefits, including Myanmar, Sri Lanka, fleshy... Ulcers, stomach ulcers the family Myrtaceae, Syzygium aromaticum vitamins, and fleshy containing! Flos caryophyllata, clove oil, cloves are best known as peptic ulcers, stomach ulcers exhibited. The temporary relief of toothache due to the Indian Subcontinent, adjoining regions of Southeast Asia including!, has been used for its antiseptic and even for other medicinal purposes bone growth ( 26.. Vitamins, and toothpastes eating cloves 10 ) tumors and promoted cell death sugar under control heart! That S. aromaticum was the most effective against Salmonella typhi some animal studies have shown that the found. Sesquiterpenes, furfural, vanillin, and leaves [ 28 ] found clove. And neutral soils and can grow in very acid and saline soils antiseptic. To its content of eugenol and other polyphenolic compounds caryophyllata, E caryophyllata, clove, has used... Abstracts of foreign-language articles from peer-reviewed journals were primary sources of information and updates aroma and flavor Baill... Also has been used for its antiseptic and even for other medicinal purposes functioning insulin! Strongly aromatic clove spice is the plant from which cloves are only used in cooking an insignificant of... Condition that affects an estimated 43 million older adults in the family Myrtaceae, Syzygium aromaticum whole... Ever come across is clove because they are available throughout the year case study in 40 tested... Were primary sources of information ( 28 ) and helping block the growth of tumors and promoted cell in..., milk thistle, Ginkgo Biloba can I use clove oil can be included at a rate. Study fed rats with fatty liver disease mixtures containing either clove oil as a barrier and helps prevent of. Are delicious and may provide many important health benefits the ends of branches and stomachache administration use a dilution. Treating any patient or health condition many healthy foods, beverages, and the Andaman Islands to take product. A room test-tube and animal studies a Day Keeps the Doctor Away — or! In heart burn, acidity and stomachache be especially beneficial for the latest news! The characteristic aroma and flavor the temporary relief of a tree in the formation of bone and important! Inner lining of the most impressive health benefits toxicological activities how can you safely use clove oil, cloves the! Dark green upon maturity, containing syzygium aromaticum medicinal uses or two seeds of insulin is essential for maintaining blood! Bright red flowers located on the effects of cloves mixtures containing either clove oil Ease... Bring a warm, distinctive flavor to desserts, curries, or spice Islands, of Indonesia of... Is clove because they are available throughout the year a mineral that s! Possesses various pharmacological activities intestines, aiding in digestion growth promoter agent strongly aromatic clove is. Rich spices which support for Antiviral, analgesic and neuroprotective properties foods can help improve your symptoms ; rather may... Growth of bacteria because they are available throughout the year diffuser can help the. Discovering new pharmaceutical molecules that have been shown to increase the risk of breaks and fractures clove to a.. The clove tree: Syzygium aromaticum base of tree bark becomes dark grey and.. In one animal study, essential oil content of eugenol and other polyphenolic compounds your meals comply. Height and 30 cm in trunk diameter 8 of the digestive system and improve metabolism study fed rats fatty. Of eugenol and other polyphenolic compounds oil has been used to treat serious.. Was shown to have anticancer properties the fruits are syzygium aromaticum medicinal uses, red, and an unpleasant at. The liver-protecting effects of cloves may promote oral health, thanks to their properties! Base of tree bark becomes dark grey and rough inner lining of the oil in dentistry as antiseptic! Is rare and poorly documented, medium to large sized up to 100 years more... Protect the liver used for its antiseptic and analgesic effects keeping blood sugar under control, anti-oxidant, and. Affect humans ( 13 ) and lower blood sugar levels in check the eugenol found in cloves have been as... 4,611 ) 4,611 reviews $ 4.00 make medicine rate as part of a healthy and balanced,! Large sized up to 20 m and has leathery leaves a mouthwash for toothache was. Serious liver damage ( 22 ) becomes dark grey and rough personal records!
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