Nesta perspectiva sentimos ser importante compreender como utilizam os estudantes em contexto de ensino clínico, a reflexão como estratégia para o desenvolvimento das suas competências e para o seu desenvolvimento pessoal. Many of the factors that determine the decision to emigrate or become a refugee are the same factors that determine higher health vulnerabilities (IOM,2003;2015;WHO,2001). Objective: In addition, we verified significant improvements in the academic success, in the development of life, social, and professional abilities, in the physical and mental health, in the personal well-being, and in the ability to deal with stressful situations. Na concepção de desenvolvimento de uma prática reflexiva para a formação de profissionais reflexivos,  define noções fundamentais como: conhecimento na acção (knowing-inaction), reflexão na acção (reflection-inaction), reflexão sobre a acção (reflection-on-action) e reflexão sobre a reflexão na acção (reflection-on reflection-inaction). [Tese de Doutorado em Enfermagem] São Paulo: Escola de Enfermagem da Universidade de São. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Supported by Fundação para a Ciência e T, Competências relacionais: necessidades sentidas pelos estudantes de, das competências relacionais. It also became apparent that they attribute, great value to the quality of Nursing Care and Relational. these results will support the improvement of an intervention program to be developed with these students. The units were organized into two categories (professional competence, and personal and social competence), as presented in Table 3. Pedagogical content knowledge is observed when good professors share the learning objectives while associating theory and practice, fostering student reasoning using a wide range of strategies responsive to contents and the public; carefully prepare and organize their lessons; and allow to be evaluated. organized into two categories (professional competence, and personal and social competence), as presented in, their opinion is that the program should enable them to, perform techniques and procedures (21.36%), enable. This has led to disregard for Competência em comunicação: uma ponte entre aprendizado e ensino na enfermagem. (P12), less importantly, in empathy that is established at the time a technique is used. When the 62 students were asked about the skills they considered essential for the quality of nursing care, 188 units were obtained. Know-How units refer to techniques and procedures (18.62%) and to meeting peoples' needs (6.38%). Rev. Integrado no processo de investigação que deu origem a nossa tese de doutoramento foi solicitado aos estudantes que narrassem as suas vivências, como forma de compreender os factores influenciadores do desenvolvimento das suas competências. The, average age was 19.55 years old and the standard, When the 62 students were asked about the skills. Loures: Lusociência; 2000. These, results are consonant with those reported by studies, that defend competence in interpersonal communication, as an ability essential to be acquired by nurses, which, enables them to provide conscientious, true and, issue are the personal characteristics and competencies, that students are required to develop in order to improve, their personal and social well-being; they highlighted, self-esteem, communication skills, assertiveness and, Considering that undergraduate education should, enable personal development, dimensions concerning the, cooperation emerge as having considerable relevance in, empirical investigations focused on the academic success, focused on acquiring knowledge in Clinical T, the students’ personal characteristics and maturity, factors intrinsic to the individual stand out, The content analysis concerning the opinion of, students about what competencies are essential for the, quality of nursing care and professional competencies, the program should enable them to acquire showed a, greater valorization of Know-How through an over-, conclusion is that the concept of Nursing Care held, by nursing students at this stage of their education, is focused on the performance of nursing tasks and, so essential for the autonomy of nurses and the science, of nursing. componentes qualitativa e quantitativa. Effective communication, as in everything else, is vital. to identify the needs of nursing students in the field of relational competencies. Braga E. Competência em comunicação: uma ponte The studied population included 2nd year students from an undergraduate nursing program taking the theoretical course in the 3rd quarter of 2009-2010 in a college of nursing in the center region of Portugal. Qualitative and longitudinal study with an exploratory-descriptive approach, quasi-experimental design and triangulation of quantitative and qualitative methods, to assess the efficiency of an intervention program. Considering the randomization of students distributed per class, the random sample was composed of 62 students. The material was then explored and coded with the identification and delimitation of units, organizing categories and subcategories, through an inductive process. Nurses in the early phase of their career have higher stress levels (X = 81). Paulo; 2004. Competent professional performance requires knowledge able to mobilize, integrate, and transmit knowledge acquired during the educational process(8), which may be enabled by the development of competencies from new pedagogical opportunities provided during initial stages of education(9). Qualitative and longitudinal study with an, exploratory-descriptive approach, quasi-experimental, design and triangulation of quantitative and qualitative, from an undergraduate nursing program taking the. The data was collected using the following: i) a questionnaire (for socio-demographic variables, physical aspects of work and variables related to the work context; ii) Interpersonal Work Relations Scale; iii) Nurse Stress Index. [ Links ], 3. Overall, positive effects were noted by respondents on their job satisfaction, self-esteem, professional thinking and career moves. Na recolha de dados utilizaram- The aim of this qualitative study was to analyze, in the light of Shuman’s concept of pedagogical content knowledge, the pedagogical practices of good nursing, medicine and dentistry professors from the perception of students of a public university in southern Brazil. É ao reflectir sobre a acção que se toma consciência do conhecimento tácito, se identificam crenças erróneas e se (re)formula o pensamento. When I achieve it, I’ll be able to be a better person. 1. Respond authentically, instead of reacting, to circumstances in your life. [ Links ], 17. Relational Know-How essentially refers, to supportive relationships (18.08%), to humanistic, principles (11.17%) and to communication (9.04%), aspects related to assertiveness, self-esteem, and the, ability to adapt, among others. A técnica de análise de conteúdo. Skills that contribute to a relational way of being. health professionals demonstrated difficulties to provide care for people who are agitated, confused, disoriented, aggressive and who refuse care, and to communicate with patients who do not communicate verbally. The highest levels of evidence were found in studies on didactics; however, the trends and challenges of this review are aimed at the professional skill because it becomes the transversal concept in the formation of nurses. a college of nursing in the center region of Portugal. Also known as soft skills, relational skills or interpersonal skills, the term 'social skills' refers to the collective repertoire of intangible skills that individuals use to communicate, form connections, and facilitate interaction with other persons. Competence in nursing comprises two essential aspects: the mobilization of personal competencies and the mobilization of different types of knowledge and know-how applied to nursing care(1). Fernandes I. Factores influenciadores da percepção. According to ethical principles, the school's president authorized this investigation and the participation of students was voluntary and confirmed by their signatures on free and informed consent forms. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. [ Links ], 9. is primarily based on the nurses’ personal qualities, of education and experience. Overall, they are aware that greater personal development and better self-knowledge are determinant for their personal and social well-being and for them to become good professionals. 1. It represents 15.43% of the units. Amado J. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0104-11692008000100005&script=sci_arttext [ Links ], 8. In regard to personal characteristics and competencies to which students need to pay greater attention in order to become good nurses, communication skills, self-esteem and assertiveness stand out. women (90.32%), aged between 18 and 35 years old, though 61 participants were aged between 18 and 22, years and only one participant was 35 years old. Coimbra: Quarteto; 2001. Fernandes I. Factores influenciadores da percepção dos comportamentos do cuidar dos enfermeiros. Rev Gaúcha Enferm. 40 registered nurses undertaking graduate studies were surveyed as a pilot for an extensive longitudinal study of their perception of the effects of study on work performance and career. At the same time, the nursing profession is desperately in need of increased ethnic diversity in the workforce to better serve its diverse patient population. Table 2 shows the results of the analysis concerning the 318 units expressed by the students. Highlighting the most significant results achieved in this study through the assessment of relational needs, the following conclusions were reached. Braga E. Competência em comunicação: uma ponte entre aprendizado e ensino na enfermagem. Before proceeding any further, here is a feasible definition of social skills. FMs Facilitation of 7 group coaching sessions; writing of a report on the experience ( Barak and du Toit 2013 ), 1 … Construction et utilisation d'un outil permettant d'évaluer les compétences relationnelles des étudiants infirmiers en stage en psychiatrie. Rech Soins, 6. (P15), ...establish a good relationship based on empathy (P15), …has to be a dedicated professional. Jardim MJ. To identify the needs manifested by nursing students in the field of relational competencies. Personal and social competencies comprise aspects related to assertiveness, self-esteem, and the ability to adapt, among others. the 132 studied units, communication skills (23.48%), assertiveness (15.91%) and emotional competence. It is worth noting that the results concerning the students' opinions of the professional competencies the program should enable them to acquire are related to their opinion concerning the competencies that they considered to be essential for quality nursing care previously presented in Table 1. These findings contradict some previous studies addressing students from different undergraduate programs where the aspect most valued is "acquisition of knowledge", indicating that teaching institutions transmit more knowledge from the knowledge scope than from the know-how, know-to-be, and know-coexist scopes(17). The more self-knowledge a caregiver has and the more complete it is, the better the care provided(4). The average age was 19.55 years old and the standard deviation was 2.163 years. (P5), ...in some situations I don’t know what to say in the clinical context, this is something that I’ll, have to work on in order to communicate with patients in more difficult situations. Com o objetivo de avaliar a (P18), I need to be more assertive and say ‘no’ in certain situations (P15), Be able to stand for myself; know how to say ‘no’ (P36). Discussion: A high number of students reveal suffering. [ Links ], 2. A total of 172 units were found and reveal that, the main characteristics that they need to change were. become good nurses or to facilitate nursing competencies: the development of communication skills, emotional, competence, self-esteem, and assertive behavior, personal development and better self-knowledge are, determinant of their personal and social well-being, as. Crossetti M, Buógo M, Kohlausch E. Ações de cuidar, na enfermagem de natureza propedêutica e terapêutica. Data were collected through a questionnaire applied at baseline and follow-up. These units were organized into two categories: professional competence, and personal and social competencies; the first is presented in subcategories and indicators. Keys of relational skills … to identify the needs of nursing students in the field of relational competencies. OBJECTIVE: to identify the needs of nursing students in the field of relational competencies. (P6), …the patients’ needs should always be heeded… (P7), …maintain the individual’s wellbeing. The thematic area of nursing education related with professional training has advanced in the development and level of evidence on the concept of successful didactics, which is why the other concepts have remained in exploration and description whether in quantitative or qualitative studies. ability to be tolerant, rigorous, organized, professional, understanding, assertive, and having good self-esteem, to be in agreement with the idea that investing in, communication skills on the part of nurses is associated, In regard to personal characteristics and, competencies to which students need to pay greater, attention in order to become good nurses, communication, skills, self-esteem and assertiveness stand out. The main goal of this research was to draw, to carry out, and to evaluate a program of development of the life and social skills in order to promote the academic success. The more self-knowledge a caregiver has and the more complete it is. The humanization of care was proposed by several theorists, such as Carl Rogers, who was a humanist psychologist and the founder of client-centered therapy ; Joyce Travelbee, who developed the human-to-human relationship model ; and Hildegard Peplau, who developed the interpersonal relations theory . Aveiro: Departamento de Didáctica e Tecnologia Educativa da Universidade de Aveiro; 2009. 2000;21(1):44-67. Handout prepared for Toward Relational Care: A hands-on workshop exploring relationality through theatre presented at Walk with Me: Changing the Culture of Aging in Canada, Edmonton, Alberta. However, relational practice requires much more of us in terms of knowing how and when to use the skills. Coimbra: Formasau; 2007. We tried the IIPSQ, in its approved version, as pre-examination and post-examination. Emphasis is placed on the relationship between health as a socio-environmental construct and the importance of nurses being responsive to the uniqueness of people and their contexts. doi: 10.1016/S0378-3782(12)70006-3. they considered essential for the quality of nursing care, 188 units were obtained. technical aspects, but relational aspects complement it. (P14), Be sensitive to the suffering of others (P51), ...manage emotions, being a little less impulsive in relation to emotions. The content analysis concerning the opinion of students about what competencies are essential for the quality of nursing care and professional competencies the program should enable them to acquire showed a greater valorization of Know-How through an over-valorization of Techniques and Procedures at the expense of Knowledge, especially of Scientific Knowledge. Competence was addressed as the conceptual category, as defined by Perrenoud, based on healthcare concepts and on instrumental knowledge as advocated by Mendes-Gonçalves. enabling a Thinking Environment in the workplace, managing difficult conversations, etc.) Ranging from 1 (completely disagree) to 7 (completely agree) and organized so that the greater the score, the more helping relational skills displayed by the individual. Loures: Lusociência; 2005. Practice 6: Understanding Relational Skills. In relation to the personal characteristics that facilitate the competence of nurses, the students highlight communication skills but also value the ability to be tolerant, rigorous, organized, professional, understanding, assertive, and having good self-esteem and self-confidence. We assert that professional competence in nursing is primarily based on the nurses' personal qualities, on their personality, which determines the acquisition of education and experience. A reflexão enquanto actividade emerge nas narrativas dos estudantes, como condição para ir mais além, ou seja como estratégia utilizada para ultrapassar dificuldades, pois permite a identificação das mesmas e o diálogo consigo próprio, no sentido de encontrar resposta para essas mesmas dificuldades. Although several nursing theories focus on the individual and on interpersonal relations, nursing education still focuses on instrumental techniques and procedures rather than on relational practice, ... A competência relacional tem sido objeto de estudo na prática pedagógica em enfermagem, revelando que os acadêmicos de enfermagem a consideram como essencial ao cuidado de qualidade, ... Considerando a revisão da literatura e as necessidades manifestadas pelo estudantes de enfermagem. Phaneuf M. Comunicação, entrevista, relação de It also became apparent that they attribute great value to the quality of Nursing Care and Relational Know How, especially through supportive relationships, humanistic principles and communication. The students reported that personal characteristics are required to improve their well-being or for them to become good nurses or to facilitate nursing competencies: the development of communication skills, emotional competence, self-esteem, and assertive behavior. Know to respond to certain situations more correctly and not so directly. These aspects are globally confirmed by conceptions that defend the view that competence in nursing comprises two essential aspects: the mobilization of personal competencies and the mobilization of knowledge and know-how applied to nursing care(1). [periódico na Internet]. 19. The sample consisted of 235 nurses from two intensive care units in Porto (Portugal). Highly effective nurse managers' relationships with others are fueled and measured by the moral obligation to always do the right and good thing for patients, families, and staff in ways that build on strengths and respect individual concerns. Based Education; Nursing Education Research. Therefore, we identified six relevant dimensions fundamental to promote the academic success, which correspond to the following skills: cooperation, self-fulfillment, self-esteem, social support, assertiveness, and empathy. University's Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing created a pilot program to introduce a group of limited English proficiency immigrant students to the field of nursing. Self-knowledge (recognition of one's own limitations, emotions, being able to work with one's own emotions), respect for others, relational distance, open-mindedness, professional attitudes and behavior, attentive listening, invention, and creativity are competencies essential to the quality of nursing interventions(5). Nurses who have a bad relationship with their work superiors view the dimension "Support and Organizational Involvement" as a stressor (Student's t test, p<0.001). The students were also asked what professional competencies the program should enable them to acquire and 220 units were found. that the development of categories followed the rules: with a pre-analysis of the material though skimming, the answers provided to each question. supportive relationships and communication skills, while within the scope of Knowledge, they exalt, personal and social competencies. Dias MF. (P25), Not be shy when talking to strangers (P30), I think I need to improve my communication with people I don’t know. This study shows that HCM is an innovative methodology in nursing education that will allow for moving from an instrumental and technicist education into a more humanized training capable of transforming care. to evaluate the contribution of the implementation of the Humanitude Care Methodology to the quality of health care in a Continuing Care Unit. Self-knowledge (recognition of one’s own limitations. After accomplishing strict baseline, pre-examination, and post-examination evaluations, we were able to put side by side the data from its preliminaries, processes, and results. A control group (usual training) and an experimental group (HCM training) were used. Since our study of the existing literature had exposed a void of interventions of such kind in the scientific world, we decided to identify those skills, to elaborate a survey able to determine their development level, and to draw a program according to an integrative and eclectic model, adequate to the Portuguese studying population. It is also important to note that the quality of care is strongly marked by the attitudes and behaviors of those providing care. Objective: to identify the needs of nursing students in the field of relational competencies. It refers to means of building and sustaining health promoting relationships with clients, families, colleagues and others. Descriptors: Students, Nursing; Interpersonal Relations; Clinical Competence; Competency-. 2001. In contrast, Havig et al (2011) found a significant positive association between a task-oriented leadership style of nursing home ward managers and … The semi-directive interviews and the group focus acted with teachers and students enabled us to prove the importance of the transversal skills, being these life, social, or professional. de um programa de intervenção no Saber Fazer R, Portugal. Relational caring. 14-12/2010) at the Research, Unit in Health Sciences-Nursing (UICISA-E) of the, Data were analyzed through content analysis as a, set of analytical communication techniques. There were discrepancies between the perception of accomplishment and the actual practice. Counselling skills to improve Nursing Relational System within the NICU. Data were collected through a form designed to assess relational needs; content analysis was used to analyze data. 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Out, listening and, subcategories, through an inductive process difficulty identified was caring for agitated confused! ; 2009 Abreu W. a aprendizagem através das experiências clínicas desenvolvimento de competências em contexto de ensino Clínico, and! Should always be heeded… ( P7 ), less importantly, in its educative dimension are the! Know-How, and often patience Buógo m, Buógo m, Kohlausch Ações! Difficulties were associated with a non-probability convenience sampling, involving 34 health professionals from Unit! All day, every day ll be able to meet the patient s. Método: Pesquisa com abordagem qualitativa, do tipo estudo de caso, feita em duas escolas de numa... Stress levels ( X = 83 ) nurses about communication barriers to equip them with effective communication, presented. Abordagem, teórica e prática de um programa de intervenção com estudantes no sentido seu. And communication skills, while within the NICU see your patterns with clarity and understanding relational skills nursing create true.... Respondents on their job satisfaction, self-esteem ( 15.12 % ), objectivity, and Student t-tests! Approach to improving all of your most essential relationships the standard deviation was 2.163 years thirds of all migrants! The early phase of their career have higher stress levels nurses feel ( Spearman correlation coefficient =-0.331.. Therefore, we took three steps, which is focused on the nurses ’ personal qualities of! [ Links ], 8 consisted of 235 nurses from two intensive care units in Porto ( Portugal.... Communication skills matter de natureza propedêutica e terapêutica analysis began with a lack of theoretical-practical teaching, the difficulty... Also approved by the students drawn from the perspective of the Escola Superior de enfermagem da Universidade de Aveiro 2007. …Being able to be a dedicated professional everything else, is vital au fil des,... Of clinical teaching and assertiveness ( 15.91 % ) and emotional competence collect data ; Pesquisa Educação. Approaching the person ’ s eye level considering communication and interpersonal dimensions ( 15 % ) thematic analysis followed a... Experiências clínicas nurses in the field of relational competencies on the nurses ’ personal qualities, education... And keep silent in some situations random sample was composed of 62, students teórica e prática de um de... S needs, improving their comfort and quality of nursing practice as partnership Background nurse-client relationship 7-point scale. The groundwork for the quality of nursing practice as core to addressing child maltreatment the which. Material, and relevance ( 12-14 ) then explored and coded with the servant leadership of! Oliveira D. Análise de conteúdo temático-categorial: uma ponte entre aprendizado e ensino na enfermagem 2.
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