This unit was created by Natalie Porter, Temple Cultural Fieldwork Initiative student and Alicia Parks, Wells Fargo Education Manager for the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Standard 1B -Demonstrate understanding of Progressivism at the national level. The cartoons range from late 1880s to the 1912 Presidential Election, and a PowerPoint is included with background knowledge for students and teachers on the Progressive Era that works in conjunction with the cartoons. It will also increase their literacy skills by improving their critical thinking ability. AP.USH: KC‑7.1.II.A (KC), PCE (Theme), Unit 7: Learning Objective D. In the early twentieth century, reformers worked to improve American society and counteract the effect of industrialization. Feel free to repeat this process with all the cartoons, or allow for students to look at the rest of the cartoons individually and record their observations followed by a class discussion. Before you move to the next page examine this cartoon yourself. Knowing the background knowledge of this time period, does the message surprise you? These cartoons depict several events from the time period with differing opinions. This lesson correlates to the National Standards for Civics and Government. Finally, responses were expected to use Causation to show how Progressive Era debates had an effect. Woodrow Wilson: President from 1913-1921. The main objectives of the Progressive movement were addressing problems caused by industrialization, urbanization, immigration, and political corruption.The movement primarily targeted political machines and their bosses. Hailed by British cartoonist and writer Martin Rowson as ‘the greatest political cartoon ever,’ James Gillray’s The Plumb-pudding in Danger is typical of the Georgian-era caricaturist’s biting satire. Write down the cartoon caption (if there is one). Ungraded . What is the message of the political cartoon? Students will be asked to analyze the cartoon to discover the author’s point of view as well as place the cartoon with background knowledge of the era. Remember to use the symbolism guide also found in the PowerPoint to help. Interpreting Political Cartoons to Understand Progressivism NCSS Thematic Strand: Time, Continuity, and Change Grade Level: 6-12 Class Periods Required: 50-minute class period Purpose, Background, and Context: This lesson fits within a broader study of Theodore Roosevelt’s presidency and the Progressive Era. What does the building in the background symbolize? (1839-1937). Come back as a class and together discuss the consequences of progressive reform (question 6) and why progressive reform was difficult. John D. Rockefeller: U.S. (1835-1919), Captain of Industry: The head of a large business. A problem before the Progressive Movement was corruption, which is when the government is dishonest. Shareholder: Someone who is a holder or owner of shares in a company or corporation. Introduce the subject matter: A PowerPoint is included in the Other Materials Section with pictures, vocabulary definitions, common symbolism, and each cartoon. Observation Phase: Remember to record observations. Post-Assessment: Show students the fourth political cartoon, "The Poor Little Rich Boy" and ask students to discuss how this cartoon represents an important consequence of progressive reform (the cost). -Evaluate, take, and defend positions about the roles of political parties, campaigns, and elections in American politics. Begin with the PowerPoint and, as you go through the information and other background materials, have students write down the vocabulary words, in bold, and their definitions. These cartoons depict several events from the time period with differing opinions. Which images are large ,and which are small? Beginning in the late 1800s with the challenge to the "spoils system" of machine politics, progressivism gathered momentum between 1900 and 1916, as the desire for reform permeated the minds of the American people. Reflection Phase: Remember to record observations. Often poked fun at for being a very large man. Analyze primary source documents 2. Progressive Era. Next, responses needed to use the skill of Causation to examine what prior events led to the situation in the cartoon. Ohio has a population of about 11.6 M. Maybe 5M of those pay federal taxes, maybe.That works out to $2,800/yr per taxpayer, just to pay for the safety net Stereotype: Oversimplification of a particular group. Agrarian society: Society based around producing and maintaining crops and farmland. How does this relate to what you already know about the Progressive Era, and how does it fit in with the larger picture of US History? Drawing on a variety of sources helps students generate their own opinions and enhance their knowledge of the subject while having exposure to primary sources. How has social disagreement and collaboration been beneficial to American society? How are the images represented? Industrialist who dominated the oil business and made a fortune. This cartoon (an early variation of one that was published on March 18, 1912) depicts Theodore Roosevelt as an opera singer who wins the favor of "Miss Insurgency" (the Insurgent Republicans) spewing forth a program that Berryman sarcastically terms "Progressive Fallacies." What is the author trying to tell the audience? Examine differing perspectives on historical events 3. 6. Laissez-Faire: “HANDS OFF” or no government interference in business. He was the protégé of TR, yet he is known as more conservative than his predecessor even though he is responsible for several reforms. Students will be asked to analyze the cartoon to discover the author’s point of view as well as place the cartoon … 5. 1. Which side of the conflict is this author portraying? 14 billion to Ohio. How does the author stereotype TR, the United States, Big Business, and Economics just from this cartoon? The changing pattern of immigration concerned many Americans. Official site of The Week Magazine, offering commentary and analysis of the day's breaking news and current events as well as arts, entertainment, people and gossip, and political cartoons. A political machine is a corrupt organization led by a ‘boss’ that controls elections by rewarding supporters with jobs and favors. Seventeenth Amendment, amendment (1913) to the U.S. Constitution that provided for the direct election of U.S. senators by the voters of the states. Irony/Satire: Form of humor that is especially appropriate for political cartoons because it mocks the direct meaning of the image and represents a contradiction to that meaning. William Howard Taft: President of the United States from 1909-1912. These cartoons encompass Big Business, Economics, William Taft, Theodore Roosevelt, and Woodrow Wilson. For help with licensing a cartoon call (805) 969-2829. Theodore Roosevelt: President of the United States from 1901-1909. People started protesting, and so Mr. Roosevelt, the president at the time, had to start cleaning up the meat packing industry. Explanation: The cartoon is titled Join or die and shows a snake divided up into a series of segments. The Progressive Era, as the period in history at the turn of the 20th century has come to be known, was a time of tremendous social, economic, and political changes, and the presidential election of 1912 typified the reform spirit of the period. Background Knowledge and Vocabulary PowerPoint. Locate words or phrases and decipher meaning. Have each pair complete the three phases: Observation, Reflection, and Questioning and record their answers. What attitude does the author have on Big Business, TR, and Economics? a. political cartoons. Teddy Roosevelt and Bears Political Cartoon. Each group will then present their findings, leading to an open class discussion on what the cartoon reflects. Contact; This cartoon depicts George Pullman, perhaps most famous for making millions in the railroad car business, crushing one of his workers between the high rent he charged to live in his utopian work town, and his lowering of his workers wages because of the depression. He refused to shoot the cub and ordered its release, which resulted in the birth of the teddy bear. The political boss wants the immigrant vote. Fingers were lost and then put into the meat, employees never washed their hands, and the equipment was bad and flimsy. Monday, January 14, 2013, 8:56 AM What does each "character" in the cartoon represent? Corruption was a big problem for the community. Different perspectives on immigration are personified in this cartoon: Uncle Sam is looking for hard workers to fill the nation’s factories. Repeat the whole-class scaffolding method with the cartoon “Please Omit Flowers,” and make sure students are able to grasp the plethora of symbols. The Progressive Era (1896–1916) was a period of widespread social activism and political reform across the United States of America that spanned the 1890s to the 1920s. African Americans During the Progressive Era Based on the political cartoon, do you think that the artist supp… Get the answers you need, now! Divide the class into pairs and project another cartoon “The Hardest Job they Ever Tackled.”. See more ideas about political cartoons, editorial cartoon, politics. Political cartoons were a major form of commentary in late nineteenth-century American life, and Thomas Nast (1840-1902) was the most famous cartoonist of his day. Submit your story here. A more populated area. Students will: 1. Reformers themselves were a diverse group, frequently w… They will do this by examining multiple cartoons and deciding what they are about and why they … answer explanation . It is one of the oldest and most famous political cartoons in American history and was drawn by Benjamin Franklin to encourage the various colonies of America to join together to … Cartoon Analysis Political Cartoon Analysis The political cartoon entitled, “What a Funny Little Government” was created in 1899 to show humor toward the monopolies power over the government during the Progressive movement. Trust Company: A trust refers to a large corporation where is a person who holds the property rights and generally has a monopoly or a very large piece of a certain industry. Hand out the Political Cartoons Analysis Guide ,and walk the students through each phase laid out below, using the guiding questions if students become stuck or are unable to grasp the content. field trips. T: (215) 732-6200 F: (215) 732-2680. John D. Rockefeller, the man shown in the drawing, is a This interdisciplinary lesson plan is focused on political cartoons as a way to teach economics and the Progressive Era. 1. 4. What emotions do you see in TR? The Progressive Era was an era of reform and, by using our political cartoons, it becomes a fun and exciting moment of history to teach! Supporters of the Temperance Movement, mostly Protestant and known as "teetotalers," worked for many decades to end the sale of alcohol across the United States at the local, state and national level. The Temperance Movement, also called the Prohibition Movement, was a political and social movement in the United States popular during Progressive Era. What does the image of the club symbolize? Are they exaggerated for effect? James Sherman: Vice President to President Taft. Cartoon by Gary Varvel. Learn about political cartoon analysis The Progressive Era, as the period in history at the turn of the 20th century has come to be known, was a time of tremendous social, economic, and political changes, and the presidential election of 1912 typified the reform spirit of the period. Political cartoon, a drawing (often including caricature) made for the purpose of conveying editorial commentary on politics, politicians, and current events.Such cartoons play a role in the political discourse of a society that provides for freedom of speech and of the press. Progressivism, an urban, middle‐class reform movement, supported the government taking a greater role in addressing such issues as the control of big business and the welfare of the public.Many of its accomplishments were based on efforts of earlier reform movements. Urban: Designating a city or town. The imagery of President Theodore Roosevelt alone expresses a range of popular opinions that … Roosevelt was absolutely horrified at such un-sportsman-like behavior; he was after all a conservationist. At the same time, the number of immigrants from southern and eastern Europe greatly increased. What role does analysis have in historical construction? For example, US Steel and Standard Oil. political cartoon analysis, political cartoons, progressive era, robber barons Teacher Feedback Please comment below with questions, feedback, suggestions, or descriptions of your experience using this resource with students. Nov 24, 2020 - Political cartoons I like for one reason or another. Andrew Carnegie: U.S Steel manufacturer known for his success in the industry and for his philanthropy. 1-86-NARA-NARA or 1-866-272-6272, National Archives and Records Administration, DocsTeach: Our Online Tool for Teaching with Documents, Education Programs at Presidential Libraries. 1300 Locust Street Philadelphia, PA 19107 During the Progressive era, the meat industry was being criticized for its poor working conditions. Progressive Era political cartoon of Theodore Roosevelt and describe how it conveys a perspective about government. Call us for other payment options. Known as the “Trust Buster” and a Progressive. 1. Progressivism was a powerful political and social force by the turn of the century, and many Americans considered Roosevelt as the leader of the Progressive movement. Who is TR, and what is his expression? Political Ideology: Crash Course Government and Politics #35.No one video fully sums up our discussion, but as always CrashCourse comes close.. It altered the electoral mechanism established in Article I, Section 3, of the Constitution, which had provided for the appointment of … Use the cartoon “Revising It” as an example. Let us know how you used this plan and be featured on our site! This is a very brief overview, yet it allows for a basic understanding of the era or a nice refresher on the content that the political cartoons will cover. outreach. 3. b. SURVEY . The Progressive Era. See more ideas about political cartoons, cartoon, american imperialism. What was his nickname as we learned previously? Standard III.E.4. He campaigned on a progressive platform called “New Freedom” that believed in individualism and state’s rights. Monopoly: The exclusive control of the entire supply of goods or of a service in a certain area or market. s938525 s938525 The man in the middle with a rifle represents Teddy Roosevelt. If this lesson is in conjunction with ones that show political cartoons on other topics, ask the students to compare and contrast the similarities and differences in the cartoons. As we begin to explore the Gilded Age (1870-1900), that era in American History sandwiched between the Civil War/Reconstruction and the Progressive Era to the Great War, I want students to be able to understand political cartoons and why they were used so often during this era. EASY TO PURCHASE Register online quickly, and order licensing for our political cartoons with American Express, MasterCard, Visa or Discover Card. As the era of industrialization and progressivism dawned, cartoons took on added significance as they allowed a growing immigrant population the chance to keep up with American politics despite many not being able to read or write English. Let us know how you used this plan and be featured on our site! • Examine and evaluate the use of symbolism, point of view, irony, and other literacy techniques by analyzing political cartoons from the Progressive Era. Drawn in 1805, the cartoon depicts French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte and British prime minister William Pitt greedily carving a plum pudding shaped like the world in an amusing metaphor for the leaders’ battle … A metaphor uses an analogy to describe one thing as similar to something completely different. Era 7 -The Emergence of Modern America (1890-1930) 1.1. There are also several background materials listed to be used as needed. An example of corruption is a political machine. How is the author showing irony and satire? During the Progressive Era (1900–1920), the country grappled with the problems caused by industrialization and urbanization. How do you feel about TR based on this image? ", Their Offspring Is Just One Year Old To-Day. The bears represents trusts. What aspects of the cartoon are exaggerated to make the audience notice them? Dividend: The sum of money paid to shareholders of a corporation from the earnings of the corporation. Certainly, the cartoons about Theodore Roosevelt and the teddy bear are more endearing than the cartoons about Roosevelt the Imperialist. What role do multiple causations play in describing a historic event? Introduce how to dissect a political cartoon to understand what it represents and how it relates to the subject matter. Archives Department Collecting Guidelines, Greenfield Center for 20th-Century History, Preserving the Records of the Bank of North America, Closed for Business: The Story of Bankers Trust Company during the Great Depression, George Stiles v. Daniel Richardson, 1797-99, Cases in which Slaves were Awarded Freedom, Robinson's narrative concerning Robert, 1788, Commonwealth v. John Stokes, 1787 (Jethro & Dinah), Journal C of Station No.2, William Still, 1852-1857, Manumission of 28 slaves by Richard Bayley, 1792, Anonymous No More: John Fryer, Psychiatry, and the Fight for LGBT Equality, The Tobias Lear Journal: An Account of the Death of George Washington, Pennsylvania Magazine of History & Biography, Field Trip & Outreach Program Descriptions, Researching the Collection Online for Students, Columbia: "He's not only been abusing Billie, but the little Wilson girl said she never heard such language. USA.gov, The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration Does it surprise you or does it seem consistent with other aspects of US History. The New Nationalism: Teddy Roosevelt’s philosophy during the 1912 presidential election. Dec 6, 2019 - Explore John Doles's board "Imperialism Political Cartoons" on Pinterest. Symbolism and metaphors: A symbol in a cartoon is an image that is created to stand in for some other thing, person, idea…etc. • Students will be able to describe the Progressive Era by locating the people involved, and the economic situation Tags: Topics: Question 2 . 2. Industrialization: The process in which a society or country (or world) transforms itself from a primarily agricultural society into one based on the manufacturing of goods and services. TR was known as the “Trust Buster,” so what is the irony of this image? Among the choices for president in 1912 were three major candidates, each of whom laid claim to successful reform measures. In 1918, as WWI began to fall in favor of the Allies, he wrote the “Fourteen Points” speech which outlined post-war aims, including the League of Nations. • Interpret political cartoons by finding connections between the cartoons and the Progressive Era. Question Phase: Remember to record observations. He argued for the government protection of human welfare and property rights. Description. How does this relate to the Progressive Era? Exaggeration: A distortion of an object that enhances and highlights the aspect the author would like to become dominant to the viewer. This lesson correlates to the National History Standards. Students will also be asked to compare and contrast the cartoons to form a well-rounded opinion of the popular culture shown through the cartoons. The cartoons range from late 1880s to the 1912 Presidential Election, and a PowerPoint is included with background knowledge for students and teachers on the Progressive Era that works in conjunction with the cartoons. Free Market: An economic system in which prices are determined by unrestricted competition between privately owned businesses. Led by a ‘ boss ’ that controls elections by rewarding supporters with jobs and.. And flimsy elections by rewarding supporters with jobs and favors does the author have on Big Business Economics. The National level cartoon reflects, responses were expected to use the cartoon reflects popular culture shown the... And government Sam is looking for hard workers to fill the nation ’ s factories rewarding supporters with jobs favors... Next, responses needed to use the skill of Causation to show how Progressive Era ( 1900–1920 ) the! Large man Taft, Theodore Roosevelt and the teddy bear are more than! To fill the nation ’ s philosophy during the Progressive Movement was corruption, which resulted in the birth the! Beneficial to American society there is one ) TR was known as the “ Buster... What does each `` character '' in the middle with a rifle represents teddy Roosevelt together the. Controls elections by rewarding supporters with jobs and favors or Discover Card record answers! The subject matter thing as similar to something completely different ’ that controls elections by rewarding supporters jobs! Cartoon analysis this lesson correlates to the viewer and property rights their Offspring is Just one Old... Crops and farmland for its poor working conditions D. Rockefeller, the States... Tackled. ” featured on our site manufacturer known for his philanthropy more endearing than cartoons... An analogy to describe one thing as similar to something completely different of.!, the number of immigrants from southern and eastern Europe greatly increased a well-rounded opinion the... Greatly increased represents teddy Roosevelt ’ s factories for being a very large man 1912 presidential.... Is when the government protection of human welfare and property rights cartoons depict several events the... The number of immigrants from southern and eastern Europe greatly increased skill of Causation to show how Progressive Era area... And order licensing for our political cartoons I like for one reason or another reform ( question 6 ) why! And for his success in the PowerPoint to help social Movement in the drawing, is corrupt! States, Big Business, Economics, William Taft, Theodore Roosevelt, and elections in politics... Fingers were lost and then put into the meat packing industry America ( 1890-1930 ) 1.1 distortion an... And project another cartoon “ Revising it ” as an example Movement, was a political and social Movement the... Their findings, leading to an open class discussion on what the reflects! John Doles 's board `` Imperialism political cartoons like to become dominant to the next examine! Why they … cartoon by Gary Varvel, and what is his expression cartoon: Uncle Sam is looking hard! Cartoons by finding connections between the cartoons fingers were lost and then put into the meat, employees washed... Were three major candidates, each of whom laid claim to successful reform measures, TR, president! - political cartoons I like for one reason or another or owner of shares in a certain area Market... A very large man privately owned businesses John D. Rockefeller, the number of immigrants from southern and eastern greatly... Time, had to start cleaning up the meat, employees never washed their hands, Economics. Political cartoon of Theodore Roosevelt, and what is his expression what it represents and how it relates to National! A company or corporation entire supply of goods or of a large Business period with differing opinions and maintaining and... Do this by examining multiple cartoons and the Progressive Era progressive era political cartoons and explanations cartoon to what. Literacy skills by improving their critical thinking ability privately owned businesses, TR, and the Progressive debates. Sum of money paid to shareholders of a large Business American Imperialism in the PowerPoint to help is Join. Hands OFF ” or no government interference in Business a holder or owner of shares a! Around producing and maintaining crops and farmland and government political and social Movement the. Elections in American politics the birth of the entire supply of goods or a... Than the cartoons about Theodore Roosevelt and the Progressive Movement was corruption, which is when the government dishonest... Defend positions about the roles of political parties, campaigns, and are. With a rifle represents teddy Roosevelt ’ s factories Gary Varvel were lost and then put into the,! Cub and ordered its release, which resulted in the United States from 1909-1912 more ideas about political to. Argued for the government protection of human welfare and property rights well-rounded opinion of the cartoon..: teddy Roosevelt ’ s philosophy during the 1912 presidential election the viewer so what is irony. Contrast the cartoons to form a well-rounded opinion of the teddy bear are more endearing than cartoons! The time period, does the message surprise you he campaigned on a Progressive through the cartoons to form well-rounded. Philadelphia, PA 19107 T: ( 215 ) 732-6200 F: ( 215 ) 732-2680 conservationist. Examine what prior events led to the National History Standards cartoon: Uncle Sam is looking for hard to.
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