A drawbridge was used to cross the ditch to give easy access to the bailey. The five main reasons why Duke William won the Battle of Hastings 5 Terms. Fire has little effect on a stone castle. Built around 290 AD and known to the Romans as Anderitum, the fort appears to have been the base for a fleet â¦ Click the following link for details of Attacking Motte and Bailey castles Attacking a concentric castle during the Middle Ages was made difficult by the skills and designs of the concentric castles by people like King Edward I and his master builder and architect, Master James of St. George. Windsor castle is one of the many homes of our present day Queen. Plympton Castle. The strengths and advantages of concentric castles were numerous!What were the Weaknesses and Disadvantages of Concentric â¦ Originally, these castles were constructed from timber and earth alone; they were cheap and easy to build and didn't require any special design. The students can also look at the potential effects this may have had on the Saxons by looking at a small video clip â¦ Download Advantages and Disadvantages of Motte and Bailey Castles. Oxford Castle. The motte-and-bailey castle was a true European innovation. Free. The Normans were known for being expert castle builders. The â¦ As a result further developments in castle building were needed. Diagram of a motte-and-bailey castle. Main doorways were built above ground level; disadvantages of stone keep castles. 2.Why they were built. The lines on the plan show how the ground rises and falls. the boxes with five pieces of information about Beaumaris, Harlech and advantages of a motte and bailey castle. There are Guardhouses in some gates which were built besides the gate. 3.What they looked like. Wooden gate is the entrance to the Bailey. Maddytn. William the Conqueror (then the Duke of Normandy), observing their success in neighbouring Anjou, began to build them on his Norman lands. With a usual build time of four to nine months, these castles could allow a lord or king to rapidly lay claim to a newly captured territory, or else â¦ Rockingham Castle â¦ Advantages of the motte and bailey castle 1. A drawbridge was used for access to the castle. Drag the sentences to the correct place in the table. Eye Castle. England saw a major castle building operation after 1066 under William the Conquerorâs command. This was a huge difference compared to the years it would take to build a stone castle. Motte and Bailey castles were built in the 11th century just after the battle of Hastings in 1066. 4.What their advantages and disadvantages were. Arts and Humanities. The walls of Restormel are around 2.5m thick and 8m tall â consequently quite a beefy size for a true shell-keep; but the castle was expertly designed for defence, as it boasted a comparatively very deep moat. Castle designers realized it was preferable to build in more durable stone. > Advantages and Disadvantages of Motte and Bailey Castles. Oakham Castle. Mottes were mounds, some natural, some man made, surmounted by a tower. They protected the soldiers that William used to control the country and were easy to â¦ It was built on top of the Motte and could range in size from 25 feet to over 80 feet high. Development of Castles 6 Terms. This was called the bailey and in it soldiers were stationed and animals kept. Until the end of the 12th-century, stone-built and earth and timber castles were widely used, but by the late 1100's, Motte-and -Bailey castles made of earth and timber began to fall out of fashion. Click the button below to download this worksheet for use in the classroom or at home. Download Advantages and Disadvantages of Motte and Bailey Castles. HistoryTred; Subjects. The motte is a raised mound or earthwork with a stone or wooden keep (a fortified tower) on top. Motte and bailey Sites. With their own supply of food and facilities to repair weapons and armour, the Normans would be able to hold out much longer if the castle was besieged. Hertford Castle. Motte and Bailey castles were fine while the Normans had little time and needed to show their control quickly. It was evident that there was a need for further innovation in castle defense. Concentric castles were built by â¦ There are many advantages of motte and bailey castles. Look at the list of information below. Maddytn. "Twelfth Century Great Towers - The Case for the Defence". NEXT Although William the Conqueror is credited with the introduction of the Norman castle in Britain, it is believed that there were three â¦  Another factor may have been speed, as ringworks were faster to build than mottes. Motte and bailey castles were built first, and when William had founded his reign over England he constructed large stone keep castles. The castles were quick to build. Maddytn. Their construction was the start of what was to become a massive castle building programme in England and Wales. Motte and bailey castles appeared in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066.Motte and bailey castles were a common feature in England by the death of William the Conqueror in 1087. The thicker end of each line indicates a high point and the thinner end indicates a low point. A single tower was built on (or partially within) the motte or earth mound while a courtyard area or bailey at the base was protected by a wooden palisade â¦ Over the following decades the Dukes of Anjou popularised the design. This was one of the reasons why Motte and Bailey castles were soon replaced by Stone Keep castles. The castles were quick to build. The most important part of the Motte and Bailey castle was the keep. Why were Motte and Bailey Castles Important? As the fire spread through the castle those living inside would be forced to leave allowing the attackers to take them prisoner or kill them. Stone castles had a number of advantages over wooden motte and bailey. (1) Describe the major advantages of Stone keep Castles over Motte and bailey Castles. An example plan of a motte and bailey castle. They protected the soldiers that William â¦ Motte and bailey castles were quick and cheap to erect - - some only took a couple of weeks! What were motte-and-bailey castles? However, a large motte was very difficult to build as it took disproportionately more effort to pile up earth than in the case of smaller hills. The Motte is the circular structure on the left. Berkhamsted Castle. The largest motte and bailey castle in Britain is thought to be Old Sarum, located in Wiltshire, England. All Castles in "Motte and bailey" (22) Motte and bailey. All of this could usually be achieved in about a week. If there were houses where the Normans wanted to build a castle they often just built the motte straight on top. The huge motte â¦ The bailey is a courtyard enclosed and protected by a ditch and a palisade (a wall made from lare wooden stakes). 2. Windsor Castle, in England, is an example of a motte-and-bailey castle. It is surrounded by a protective ditch and a fence called a palisade and was the first type of castle to be built in England after the Norman conquest in 1066. At the foot of the motte was an enclosure called the bailey where the soldiers had their living quarters. Motte and bailey castles could be built very quickly, some being raised in only eight days. Liddiard (2005), p.23; King (1991), p.47. However, as time continued their weaknesses became obvious. The Bailey was the part of the castle where people lived and animals were kept. Facts about Motte and Bailey Castles 4: The gate. 5 improvments for a Motte and Bailey Castle 5 Terms.
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