... Cordyline Australis Verde - Green Torbay Palm. Dave's Garden - Cabbage Palm, Cabbage Tree, Ti Kouka, Torbay Palm, Dracaena Spike Cordyline australis, "Story: Shrubs and small trees of the forest - Cabbage trees", "Landscape Character Assessment of Torbay", "New Zealand species overseas - Plants overseas", "Advancing the knowledge of New Zealand's Red-crowned Kakariki", "Shrubs and small trees of the forest - Cabbage trees", "The domestication of New Zealand plants", "Variation in response to cold damage by populations of Cordyline australis and of some other species of Cordyline (Lomandraceae)", Fine Gardening: Cordyline australis 'Purple Tower' (Giant dracaena, New Zealand cabbage palm), http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/2237/, "Sudden Decline of the Cabbage Tree (Cordyline australis): Search For The Cause", The 2006 Banks Memorial Lecture: Cultural uses of New Zealand native plants, Royal New Zealand Institute of Horticulture, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cordyline_australis&oldid=992639552, Articles with dead external links from November 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Cabbage tree on farmland, South Island, New Zealand. Any offspring produced might have been poorly adapted to local conditions. Cordyline australis. In the United States, Cordyline australis is known as cabbage tree and hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture Zones 10 and 11 only.  The type locality is Queen Charlotte Sound.  Each tribe had names for the tree depending on its local uses and characteristics. Each fruit contains three to six shiny, black seeds which are coated in a charcoal-like substance called phytomelan. This large hardy green Cordyline, also know as the cabbage or torbay palm, this looks excellent in a pot or in the border. The nectar produced by the flowers contains aromatic compounds, mainly esters and terpenes, which are particularly attractive to moths. Add a tropical touch to your garden with a giant cordyline australis verde plant.  It is easily grown from fresh seed — seedlings often spontaneously appear in gardens from bird-dispersed seed — and can be grown very easily from shoot, stem and even trunk cuttings. De Cordyline krijgt een stam en geheel bovenaan de plant hangt het blad sierlijk naar beneden in een grote volle toef. Cordyline australis heeft lange bladeren die wel iets van een grassoort weghebben. Garden foliage: Can also thrive in the garden on free draining fertile soil. Cows, sheep, goats, and deer eat the nutritious tissue under the bark of cabbage trees. Another requirement is water during the seedling stage. In Northland, C. australis shows a great deal of genetic diversity—suggesting it is where old genetic lines have endured. The flowers are crowded along the ultimate branches of the panicles. Flowering takes place over a period of four to six weeks, giving maximum exposure to pollinating insects. It is one of the easiest exotic plants to grow. It does well in pots and tubs. The stamens are about the same length as the tepals. Potmaat: 3 cm: Minimum planthoogte: 20 cm: Min aantal stekken/planten per pot: 1: Transporthoogte: 20 cm: Land van herkomst (bedrijf) Nederland: Palcoplant productgroep: Stekken en zaden: Categorie: Stek en Zaad: The Cordyline genus has around 15 species but, thanks to plant breeders, there are now hundreds of cultivars with leaf colours of purple, red, pink, green and even cream.  As well as stems, the rhizomes—extensions of the trunk below the surface of the ground shaped like enormous carrots—were also dug up to be cooked.  Months later in spring or early summer, it bears its flowers on the outside of the tree, exposed to insects and birds.. At a certain season, the pigeons came in vast flocks to feed on the white berries of the Ti tree (bracœna) [sic] and got so heavy with fat that they could hardly fly from one tree to another. Find Cordyline Australis Verde 5L at Homebase. Family Asparagaceae . Two fungus species which infect living tissue—Phanaerochaeta cordylines and Sphaeropsis cordylines—occur almost exclusively on C. Net als bij Cordyline indivisa bestaat er een groene en bruine variant ((Atro)purpurea). In 1833, Stephan Endlicher reassigned the species to the genus,Cordyline.. The inflorescence and the leaf buds pass the winter protected by the enveloping spike of unopened leaves. Cordyline Australis Purpurea - 20 seeds A very the swordlike strap leaves create a tropical look, yet these 'torbay palms' are fully hardy. In consequence, this palm-like tree with arching lance shaped leaves, is very widely grown in coastal locations, all along the south coast and, now, increasingly in city developments as a bold architectural plant. All are great in pots or as an accent. Young plants are often used in bedding and container displays. Cordyline Verde (6C.CORVERD3) 28863 - Cordyline australis Green Star.  Hardy forms from the coldest areas of the southern or inland South Island tolerate Northern Hemisphere conditions best, while North Island forms are much more tender. Cordyline australis is een mooie kuipplant, die in plantenbakken zeer goed tot zijn recht komt. Charlie Boy has a very strong core. Pair of Large Cordyline Australis Verde Plants with Optional Planters Pair of Cordyline Australis Verde. Often the growth layer dies and the injuries may lead to bacterial or fungal infections that spread into the branches until the canopy too begins to die. Affected trees usually suffer total defoliation within 2 to 12 months. Ook de Cordyline australis Red Star heeft een tropische uitstraling met zijn donkerrode blad. The wharanui type occurs in Wellington, Horowhenua and Whanganui, and extends with some modifications to the southern Taranaki coast. , The long narrow leaves are sword-shaped, erect, dark to light green, 40 to 100 cm (16 to 39 in) long and 3 to 7 cm (1 to 3 in) wide at the base, with numerous parallel veins. Eigenschappen. The perfect indoor plant for you if you want greenery and freshness but are hopeless at looking after plants… " Forster may have been referring to the cabbage palmetto (Sabal palmetto) of Florida, which resembles the Cordyline somewhat, and was named for the cabbage-like appearance of its terminal bud. They grow from a layer called the secondary thickening meristem. AH & AW Reed. The growing tips or leaf hearts were stripped of leaves and eaten raw or cooked as a vegetable, when they were called kōuka—the origin of the Māori name of the tree. Populations of C. australis were decimated in some parts of New Zealand because of Sudden Decline. In a Nutshell. The moth lays its eggs at the base of the central spike of unopened leaves. Cordyline australis afkomstig uit Nieuw-Zeeland, heeft groene lintvormige bladeren. There may also be invisible adaptations for resistance to disease or insect attack. Wel matig water geven. Horticultural and conservation significance of the genetic variation of cabbage trees (Cordyline spp.). When it is a couple of feet high, plant it in its final position in the garden. Potmaat: 13 cm: Minimum planthoogte: 60 cm: Min aantal stekken/planten per pot: 1: Transporthoogte: 70 cm: Bloem/bes/vruchtkleur 1: groen: Toepassingsmogelijkheid: geschikt voor buiten: Categorie: Cordyline: Beladingen. Drought tolerant and easy to grow. Cordyline Australis Plant in a 13cm Pot. Rabbits can be more destructive, especially during periods of drought, when they have been seen to eat through the base until a tree falls, and then eating the fallen tree completely.  Even though its natural distribution ranges from 34° S to 46°S, and despite its ultimately tropical origins, it also grows at about five degrees from the Arctic Circle in Masfjorden, Norway, latitude 61ºN, in a microclimate protected from arctic winds and moderated by the Gulf Stream. , Cordyline 'Ti Tawhiti' was "the subject of an intense discussion amongst the leading botanists of New Zealand at a meeting of the Royal Society ... in Wellington 100 years ago. I had it potted up in front garden with panseys and ivy as a display and it looked beautiful with its bronze coloured leaves but all of a sudden the outer leaves started going brown and dropping of until the … In Northwest Europe and other cool oceanic climates, it is very popular as an ornamental tree because it looks like a palm tree. Genotypic variation of dead leaf retention by Cordyline australis (Lomandraceae) populations and influence on trunk surface.  C. australis is rather variable, and forms from the northern offshore islands may be hybrids with C. Cordyline grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 12, but some species are only cold hardy to zones 9 or 10 and plants in zone 8 may die back over the winter. Cordyline australis Verde - Green Torbay Palm. , Cordyline australis was collected in 1769 by Sir Joseph Banks and Dr Daniel Solander, naturalists on the Endeavour during Lieutenant James Cook's first voyage to the Pacific. Easy to grow. De bladeren zijn groen en een volwassen hoogte van deze plant is ca.  Rural Decline was the name proposed by botanists to refer to a decline in health of older trees in pasture and grazed shrubland, leading over many years to the loss of upper branches and eventual death. Harris, W. (2001).  However the name probably predates the settlement of New Zealand — Georg Forster, writing in his Voyage round the World of 1777 about the events of Friday, April 23, 1773, refers on page 114 to the discovery of a related species in Fiordland as "not the true cabbage palm" and says "the central shoot, when quite tender, tastes something like an almond's kernel, with a little of the flavour of cabbage. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots.  Juice from the leaves was used for cuts, cracks and sores. Easy to grow. used for making anchor ropes and fishing lines, cooking mats, baskets, sandals and leggings for protection when travelling in the South Island high country, home of the prickly speargrasses (Aciphylla) and tūmatakuru or matagouri (Discaria toumatou). Up to 52% Off. Trees growing on limestone bluffs have stiff, blue-green leaves. Cordyline Australis - Cabbage Palm Plant in 9 cm Pot. Only 5 left in stock. , The stems and fleshy rhizomes of C. australis are high in natural sugars and were steam-cooked in earth ovens (umu tī, a large type of hāngi) to produce kāuru, a carbohydrate-rich food used to sweeten other foods. This stops the species from growing in sand dunes unless there are wet depressions present, and from hillsides unless there is a seepage area. It is estimated to be 400 or 500 years old, and stands 17 metres (56 feet) tall with a circumference of 9 metres (30 feet) at the base. The first flowers typically appear at 6 to 10 years old, in spring. Very tolerant of wind and coastal exposure, this palm can reach up to 5 metres tall in the right spot after many, many years! The very green sword like strap leaves create a tropical look, yet this 'Torbay Palm' is fully hardy. The leaves were rubbed until soft and applied either directly or as an ointment to cuts, skin cracks and cracked or sore hands.  In eastern Northland, C. australis generally has narrow, straight dark green leaves, but some trees have much broader leaves than normal and may have hybridised with the Three Kings cabbage tree, C. obtecta, which grows at North Cape and on nearby islands. Another factor is temperature, especially the degree of frost. Hardy and fast growing, it is widely planted in New Zealand gardens, parks and streets, and numerous cultivars are available. Young trees are killed by frost, and even old trees can be cut back. Salmon J. T. (1973). It flourishes in full sun to light shade and prefers good drainage. Cordyline australis ‘Red Star’ is a compact plant, with evergreen long, thin, arching, bronze-red leaves.It’s ideal for growing in pots and is well suited to growing in sunny border alongside aother tropical plants such as cannas, or on the patio. Kāuru could be stored dry until the time came to add it to fern root and other foods to improve their palatability. , In spring and early summer, sweetly perfumed flowers are produced in large, dense panicles (flower spikes) 60 to 100 cm (24 to 39 in) long, bearing well-spaced to somewhat crowded, almost sessile to sessile flowers and axes. Fine specimens are found along the upper Whanganui River. Although not a palm, it is locally named Cornish palm, Manx palm or Torbay palm. Cordyline Australis is a beautiful architectural plant and will thrive in a well drained soil.  Hybrids with C. pumilio and C. banksii also occur often where the plants are in close vicinity, because they flower at about the same time and share the chromosome number 2n=38, with C.  After nearly five years of work, scientists found the cause was a bacterium Phytoplasma australiense, which may be spread from tree to tree by a tiny sap-sucking insect, the introduced passion vine hopper. Crocus. Add a tropical touch to your garden with a giant cordyline australis verde plant. Harris, W. (2004). Approaching the land from the sea would have reminded a Polynesian traveller of home, and for a European traveller, conjured up images of the tropical Pacific".  When growing in the open, tītī can become massive trees with numerous, long thin branches and relatively short, broad leaves. It flourishes in full sun to light shade and prefers good drainage. Spiky and exotic – a palmlike feature plant for year-round interest. To grow well, young plants require open space so they are not shaded out by other vegetation.  The southern limit of kumara (sweet potato) cultivation was at Banks Peninsula at 43°S, and south of there a culture developed around C. australis. Drought tolerant and easy to grow, you can use this to bring an exotic feel to your own oasis here with in the British Isles. Some orders may be split and arrive in multiple packages over several days. They are against a concrete based fence and in a small area of soil which has lots of stones to drain it. Patio plants: Hardy green plant which is perfect as a well-drained planter on the patio. It also grows in southern Europe, California and Japan.  New Zealand bellbirds like to nest under the dead leaves or among the flower stalks, and paradise shelducks commonly build their nests in the base of an old cabbage tree standing in the middle of a field. In parts of the Wairarapa, the trees are particularly spiky, with stiff leaves and partially rolled leaf-blades. The leaves and the rough bark provide excellent homes for insects such as caterpillars and moths, small beetles, fly larvae, wētā, snails and slugs. Take a closer look at our products with our product reviews! Profiteer dus mee van het succes! My parents have a 10 ft Cordyline Australis which has 3 other similar sized cordys growing from the base. I ordered a cordyline australis verde online and today I received a cordyline indivisa.  Each inflorescence bears 5,000 to 10,000 flowers, so a large inflorescence may carry about 40,000 seeds, or one million seeds for the whole tree in a good flowering year—hundreds of millions for a healthy grove of trees. Timely gardening advice from Crocus.co.uk - Cordyline. On the river flats, the trees are tall with narrow, lax, dark green leaves, and an uneven canopy. Adds architectural, dramatic shape to the garden. This is a focal plant with an upright and palm like appearance. Kōuka is delicious as a relish with fatty foods like eel, muttonbirds, or pigeons, or in modern times, pork, mutton and beef.  Because it takes about two years for a particular stem to produce an inflorescence, cabbage trees tend to flower heavily in alternative years, with a bumper flowering every three to five years. The greatest number of dead trees (18 to 26 percent) was recorded around Auckland.. The bracts which protect the developing flowers often have a distinct pink tinge before the flowers open. Ideaal als kuip- of terrasplant; Leverbaar in rood, groen ,bont of roze Simpson reports that the names highlight the characteristics of the tree that were important to Māori.  If the spike of unopened leaves and a few outer leaves is gripped firmly at the base and bent, it will snap off. I believe attempting to relocate a plant that is 3.5m tall would be a waste of time. In New Zealand and overseas, hybrids with other Cordyline species feature prominently in the range of cultivars available. Cabbage Palm 3.4 out of 5 stars 11. Steaming converted the carbohydrate fructan in the stems to very sweet fructose. Different trees were selected for their degree of bitterness, which should be strong for medicinal use, but less so when used as a vegetable. The common name cabbage tree is attributed by some sources to early settlers having used the young leaves as a substitute for cabbage. , In cultivation in the United Kingdom, the following have received the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:-, Endlicher, S.F.L. , The individual flowers are 5 to 6 mm (3⁄16 to 1⁄4 in) in diameter, the tepals are free almost to the base, and reflexed. Few examples of this former abundance survive today—such areas were the first to be cleared by farmers looking for flat land and fertile soil. The New Zealand native "Cordyline australis" is cold hardy in comparison to others in the same plant group, but it needs protection from frost. 30+ bought. 30+ bought.  Like other Cordyline species, C. australis can produce sports which have very attractive colouration, including pink stripes and leaves in various shades of green, yellow or red. On old trees, the leaves tend to be relatively broad. Een veelgebruikte Engelse benaming is Cabbage Tree. 150 cm. Learn how to grow cordyline in your garden with the RHS expert guide on choosing, planting, feeding, pruning and propagating plants. , The berries of C. australis are enjoyed by bellbirds, tui and pigeons. Cordyline Australis Verde - 13cm (1000703130011) 14077 - Cordyline indivisa 'Peko' Eigenschappen. , The kōata, the growing tip of the plant, was eaten raw as medicine. , Large parties trimmed the cut stems, and left them to dry for days or weeks. Cabbage tree seed also has a store of oil, which means it remains viable for several years. Dracaena indivisa). Cordyline. Other products you may like: our daily deals. No gun was allowed in the place. While it is said that they foretell dry summers, it has been observed that they tend to follow dry seasons. This is why C. australis is absent from upland areas and from very frosty inland areas. Cordyline australis is a non-fussy plant ideal for beginners, with enough visual interest to captivate the most experienced gardeners.  The leaves grow in crowded clusters at the ends of the branches, and may droop slightly at the tips and bend down from the bases when old. The latter may serve to protect the seeds from the digestive process in the gut of a bird. Product ref: S12405. australis. The ropes had to be strong, so they were often made from the leaves or fibre of C. australis, which were much tougher than the fibres of New Zealand flax. Cordyline australis Red Sensation . , Known to Māori as tī kōuka, the tree was used as a source of food, particularly in the South Island, where it was cultivated in areas where other crops would not grow. Ideal for planting in containers, or in the border. The rough bark also provides opportunities for epiphytes to cling and grow, and lizards hide amongst the dead leaves, coming out to drink the nectar and to eat the insects.  Māori sometimes planted groves of cabbage trees (pā tī) to attract pigeons which could be snared when they came to eat the berries. You Garden. ... Plants are sometimes afflicted with yellow rust spots on the older leaves - a disease that normally only affects wheat. Beide zijn ook geschikt als kuipplant en kunnen geleidelijk aan de zon worden gewend, op een niet al te warme plek. The last name is due to its extensive use in Torbay, it being the official symbol of that area, used in tourist posters promoting South Devon as the English Riviera. 1 X CORDYLINE 'Australis' Evergreen Tree Cabbage Palm Hardy Garden Plant in Pot 3.5 out of 5 stars 8. The leaves radiate strongly, suggesting that tī manu is adapted to the cold winters of the upland central plateau. The upper and lower leaf surfaces are similar. It […] The tree can also be found in large numbers in island restoration projects such as Tiritiri Matangi Island, where it was among the first seedling trees to be planted.. Pair of Cordyline australis (Torbay Palm) green 1M tall £24.99. Cordyline australis, commonly known as the cabbage tree or cabbage-palm, is a widely branched monocot tree endemic to New Zealand. When cooked, it was called the kōuka. Cordyline Australis 15cm Pot Size 3.9 out of 5 stars 10. The leaves can be removed, and what remains is like a small artichoke heart that can be steamed, roasted or boiled to make kōuka, a bitter vegetable available at any time of the year. Although adult trees can store water and are drought resistant, seedlings need a good supply of water to survive. Its caterpillars eat large holes and wedges in the leaves. Horses can also fell a tree by eating through the trunk. Weather you do decide to try a transplant or plant a new tree, a mature Cordyline australis can grow between 12 to 20m in height and that's a very large root mass under the ground, so I would say plant in an area with good light and at least 4 to 5m away from any structure. Bees use the nectar to produce a light honey to feed their young and increase the size of the hive in the early summer. Other early cultivars included 'Veitchii' (1871) with crimson midribs, 'Atrosanguinea' (1882) with bronze leaves infused with red, 'Atropurpurea' (1886) and 'Purpurea' (1890) with purple leaves, and a range of variegated forms: 'Doucetiana' (1878), 'Argento-striata' (1888) and 'Dalleriana' (1890). Vele vormen met een verscheidenheid aan kleuren zijn in omloop, maar al deze vormen kunnen slechts korte tijd maximaal 7 graden vorst zonder schade doorstaan. Tie the leaves in an upright bunch then protect with fleece or hessian strips. 3.0 out of 5 stars 3. Some of the growing tips have changed from making leaves to producing inflorescences for the coming spring, and around these, two or three buds begin to produce leaves. The foliage turns yellow, and the oldest leaves wither and fall off. Deze typische kuipplant is makkelijk in onderhoud. The fertility of the soil is another factor—settlers in Canterbury used the presence of the species to situate their homesteads and gardens. Genus Cordyline are palm-like evergreen shrubs or tree-like perennials, with rosettes or tufts of linear or anrrowly lance-shaped, leathery leaves, and terminal panicles of fragrant, cup-shaped flowers followed by small. The trees near East Cape, by contrast, have leaves that hang laxly on the tree. In de zomer in de volle zon plaatsen. , Animals and birds associated with C. australis include lizards which forage among the flowers, including the gold-striped gecko which is well camouflaged for life among the leaves of the tree. Great for a tropical effect jungle garden, to add its evergreen impact and architectural shape anywhere. Cordyline australis, which have a more upright growth habit similar to Agave, are popular for growing in garden beds and containers year round outdoors in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 9-11. , Early European explorers of New Zealand described "jungles of cabbage trees" along the banks of streams and rivers, in huge swamps and lowland valleys. Mum uses blood and fish bone to feed them and they’re beautiful.  It is more common in Southern England and in Ireland where it is grown all over the island. Cordyline australis verde plant. Can also thrive in the garden on free draining fertile soil. The genus name Cordyline derives from an Ancient Greek word for a club (kordyle), a reference to the enlarged underground stems or rhizomes, while the species name australis is Latin for "southern". With a sharp knife, cut the new stem from the mother plant at the base of the new stem. Trees in the southern North Island and northern South Island are generally unaffected with few dead branches and no symptoms of Sudden Decline. Feed the plant with a … Cordyline australis is suitable for growing in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 10b to 11.  It is sometimes still sold as a Dracaena, particularly for the house plant market in Northern Hemisphere countries. This gives the tree an advantage because it can regenerate itself quickly and the fire has eliminated competing plants. De Cordyline australis is een buitengewoon sierlijke plant met een tropische uitstraling. ... Cordyline Australis Verde - Green Torbay Palm. , In north-west Nelson, there are three ecotypes defined by soil and exposure. Wellington. It is in leaf all year. Is there a big difference between the two and how big will it grow? Other common names cabbage palm 'Torbay Red' . Product ref: S12405. De groene soort is minder vorstgevoelig maar kan toch maar best op een koele plek overwinteren waar de temperatuur niet lager komt dan -3/-5°C. Best to remove and burn the leaves although a fungicide can be used to spray the rust. De plant voelt zich perfect thuis op terras en balkon en in een patio. Cordyline australis. Where to prune a Cordyline australis? Cordyline australis. Full sun. Easy to grow plant: Drought tolerant and easy to grow. In consequence, this palm-like tree with arching lance shaped leaves, is very widely grown in coastal locations, all along the south coast and, now, increasingly in city developments as a bold architectural plant. It will also thrive in the garden on free draining fertile soil.  The largest known tree with a single trunk is growing at Pakawau, Golden Bay. The changes in shape—leaves getting narrower and more robust from north to south and from lowland to montane—suggest adaptations to colder weather. , Generally a lowland species, it grows from sea level to about 1,000 metres (3,300 feet), reaching its upper limits on the volcanoes of the central North Island, where eruptions have created open spaces for it to exploit, and in the foothills of the Southern Alps in the South Island, where deforestation may have played a part in giving it room to grow. cordyline.  These include what the plant looked like—whether it was a large tree (tī rākau, tī pua), the whiteness of its flowers (tī puatea), whether its leaves were broad (tī wharanui), twisted along the edges (tī tahanui), or spiky (tī tarariki). In some areas, particularly in the north, no big trees are left. One of the sensational characteristics is the colour of the leaves: bordeaux in the center and shiny pink at the edge. The strong framework of the inflorescence can easily bear the weight of heavy birds like the New Zealand pigeon, which was formerly the major disperser of the seeds.  Because it has evolved in response to the local climate, geology and other factors, C. australis varies in appearance from place to place. Learn how to use the various features of your irrigation controller.If you’ve lost the instruction manual for your irrigation timer, find and download a replacement from the Internet. Red star dracaena (Cordyline australis â Red Starâ ) will grow well in partial to full sun in USDA hardiness zones 9 to 11. Harris, W. (2003).  The kōata, the growing tip of the plant, was eaten raw as a blood tonic or cleanser.  In modern New Zealand, cabbage trees usually grow as isolated individuals rather than as parts of a healthy ecosystem. Although a hardy plant, it does not like excessive winter wet, so makes it perfect for a well drained planter on the patio. The typical form grows, with little variation, from Cape Campbell to the northern Catlins, and from the eastern coast to the foothills of the Southern Alps. The pale to dark grey bark is corky, persistent and fissured, and feels spongy to the touch. Cordyline australis Charlie Boy is the best Cordyline there is. The cooked stems or rhizomes were then flattened by beating and carried back to villages for storage. Of these, the commonest are C. banksii, which has a slender, sweeping trunk, and C. indivisa, a handsome plant with a trunk up to 8 metres (26 feet) tall bearing a massive head of broad leaves up to 2 m (6 ft 7 in) long. , Large, peg-like rhizomes, covered with soft, purplish bark, up to 3 metres (10 feet) long in old plants, grow vertically down beneath the ground. Most are shorter than Cordyline australis; are clump forming; and have tall clusters of fragrant, white-to-pale lilac flowers in summer. When the leaves do break down, they form a fertile soil around the tree. Māori valued the narrow spiky leaves as a source of particularly tough, durable fibre. The name 'Tawhiti' is equivalent to 'Hawaiki' and indicates the traditional belief that the plant was introduced to Aotearoa by the ancestral canoes of Maori.
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