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siege of paris 885


Charles the Fat was King of France during the Second Siege of Paris, he died in 888AD. Charles the Fat was the great-grandson of Charlemagne, showing how far the balance of European Power had shifted in just a few generations. A depiction of the Siege of Paris in 885-886 CE, by Mirco Paganessi. [2] Odo, Count of Paris prepared for the arrival of the Vikings by fortifying the bridgehead with two towers guarding each bridge. Questions or concerns? The Siege of Paris of 885–86 was part of a Viking raid on the Seine, in the Kingdom of the West Franks. The forces surrounded the bridgehead tower, possibly mainly aiming to bring down the river obstacle. These would serve admirably in the siege of 885. [16], The Vikings left a force around Paris, but many ventured further to pillage Le Mans, Chartres,[16] Evreux and into the Loire. In response, the Frankish king Louis the German sent a diplomatic mission, headed by Count Cobbo (one of two court counts), to the court of Horik, demanding that the Danish king submit to Frankish overlordship and pay reparations for the invasion. Indignant over the defeat and ransom, Parisians refused to allow the Vikings to pass on the river on their way back, forcing them to drag their boats thousands of feet over land to an area of the river outside of town. The Franks desperately needed good leadership, and two heroic men filled the void. He allowed the Vikings to sail down the Seine to ravage Burgundy, which was in revolt. The attacks in 820 and 834 were unrelated and relatively minor, a… Simon Adams is a historian and writer living and working in London. Bishop Gozlin entered the fray with a bow and an axe. He came from the region between the Seine and the Loire and was in Paris during the siege. Odo fought his way back into Paris and Charles and Henry of Saxony marched northward. The tower was eventually captured, but by then the Vikings had moved on to pillage the surrounding countryside. They attacked Paris three times more in the 860s, leaving only when they had acquired sufficient loot or bribes. These articles have not yet undergone the rigorous in-house editing or fact-checking and styling process to which most Britannica articles are customarily subjected. Originally this was Robert the Strong, margrave of Neustria and missus dominicus for the Loire Valley. The Siege of Paris and the Sack of Paris of 845 was the culmination of a Viking invasion of the kingdom of the West Franks. Yet, he had no idea that the Franks had built the two low bridges, one of stone and the other of wood, which made it impossible for the Viki… Each time they looted the city or were bought off with bribes. The island city was recently fortified, but the Frankish kingdom was weak and unable to defend itself properly. Their failure to capture the city marked a turning point in French history. The bridge gone, the northeast tower was now isolated with only twelve defenders inside. The Parisians and Odo refused to let the Vikings down the Seine, and the invaders had to drag their boats overland to the Marne. A second Viking Siege of Paris took place in 885-886AD. The siege is the subject of an eyewitness account in … Although an eyewitness, there is general agreement among historians that Abbo's numbers are "a gross exaggeration,"[7] with Abbo being "in a class of his own as an exaggerator. As the siege went on, most of the Vikings left Paris to pillage further upriver. [16][17] On 6 February, rains caused the river (still filled with debris) to overflow and the bridge supports gave way. Taking advantage of this weakness, the Vikings attacked Paris again with a large fleet on November 25, 885. While preparing for new attacks, the Vikings also started constructing additional siege engines. The siege was the most important event of the reign of Charles the Fat, and a turning point in the fortunes of the Carolingian dynasty and the history of France. The Seige of Paris, as it came to be known, was considered a turning point for the Carolingian dynasty (a … NOW 50% OFF! He planted a cross on the outer defences and exhorted the people. The Vikings first besieged Paris in 844AD. It was led by Sigfred and Sinric, who had led raids on northeastern areas of West Frankia in previous years. The Siege of Paris of 885–86 was part of a Viking raid on the Seine, in the Kingdom of the West Franks. The Vikings set sail towards Paris, leading behind some ships huge siege towers built by Floki to climb the walls of the city. If you find our videos helpful you can support us by buying something from amazon. Sigfred demanded a bribe from Charles, but was refused, and promptly led 700 ships up the Seine, carrying perhaps as many as 30,000[2] or 40,000 men. Sigfred demanded a bribe from Charles, but was refused, and promptly led 700 ships up the Seine, carrying perhaps as many as 30,000 or 40,000 men. Siegfried then decided to lead his ships up the stream of the Seine. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 882 – The Northmen in the month of October intrenched themselves at Conde, and horribly devastated the kingdom of Carloman,’ while King Charles with his army took his stand on the Somme at Barleux. Morale of the besiegers was low and Sigfred asked for sixty pounds of silver. Sometime in the autumn of 885 `seven hundred high-prowed ships and very many smaller ones’ snaked up the Seine in a column that `extended for more than two leagues [10km or 6 miles] down river’, according to Abbo of the nearby Abbey of St-Germain-des-Pre’s, an eyewitness to the event. [4] Paris at this time was a town on an island, known today as Île de la Cité. [2] In 864, by the Edict of Pistres, bridges were ordered built across the Seine at Pîtres and in Paris, where two were built, one on each side of the Île de la Cité. The same year, a Viking fleet sacked Hamburg, which had been elevated to an archbishopric by Pope Gregory IV in 831 on the initiative of Louis the Pious to oversee the Saxon territory and to support the introduction of Christianity to Scandinavia. [16][17] On 27 November the Viking attack included mining, battering rams, and fire, but to no avail. Although his son Odo succeeded him, royal power declined. Siege of Paris, (November 25, 885–October 886), nearly year-long Viking siege of Paris, at the time the capital of the kingdom of the West Franks, notable as the first occasion on which the Vikings dug themselves in for a long siege rather than conduct a hit-and-run raid or fight a battle. [16] Henry died after he fell into the Viking ditches, where he was captured and killed. It wasn't their intention to conquer Paris and settle there. [citation needed] Their duchy (Francia) gave its name to the Kingdom of France and the Carolingian Empire was never again reconstituted. The defence of Paris was mainly overseen by Odo, Count of Paris. The Vikings attacked with a variety of siege engines, but failed to break through the city walls after some days of intense attacks. To the frustration of the Parisians who had fought for a long time to defend the city, Charles stopped short of attacking the Viking besiegers, and instead allowed them to sail further up the Seine to raid Burgundy (which was in revolt), as well as promising a payment of 700 livres (pounds; 257 kg). Siegfried then decided to lead his ships up the stream of the Seine. He began fortifying the capital and fought the Norsemen continuously until his death in battle against them at Brissarthe. Courtesy of Medieval Warfare Magazine / Karwansaray Publishers. [17] Odo successfully slipped some men through Norse lines to go to Italy and plead with Charles to come to their aid. However, Charles had no intention of fighting. During the summer, the Vikings made a final attempt to take the city, but they were soon surrounded by a Frankish army led by Charles the Fat. The Vikings made a final unsuccessful attempt to take the city during the summer, and in October, Charles the Fat arrived with his army. The Vikings first rowed up the Seine to attack Paris in 845 and returned three times in the 860s. Introduction: Paris has been besieged many times throughout history, yet the Siege of Paris by the Vikings in 845 remains a … Its strategic importance came from the ability to block ships' passage with its two low-lying foot bridges, one of wood and one of stone. [16] In May, disease began to spread in the Parisian ranks and Gozlin died. Another Viking leader, Rollo, stayed behind with his men. The Vikings first demanded tribute from Count Odo the Protector of Paris, who refused. Rouen, still remembering the last Vikings’ raid chose to surrender in order to avoid any harm. But what really happened at the siege? The Parisians took the chance to replenish their supplies and seek help from outside. Fortunately, we have the poems of the monk Abbo of Saint-Germain-des Prés to … The siege was the most important event of the reign of Charles the Fat, and a turning point in the fortunes of the Carolingian dynasty and the history of France. The siege is the subject of an eyewitness account in the Latin poem Bella Parisiacae urbis of Abbo Cernuus. As the Vikings inevitably advance into the main walls, Count Odo and Count Roland co-operate to make sure their defences will be able to fight back the Vikings. The imperial army arrived in October and scattered the Vikings. The Siege of Paris of 885 to 886 was a Viking siege of Paris, then capital of the kingdom of the West Franks.It was, in hindsight, the most important event of the reign of the Emperor Charles the Fat and a turning point in the fortunes of the Carolingian dynasty and the history of France.. Odo, highly critical of this, tried his best to defy the promises of Charles, and when Charles died in 888, Odo was elected the first non-Carolingian king of the Franks. The siege was the most important event of the reign of Charles the Fat, and a turning point in the fortunes of the Carolingian dynasty and the history of France. The Siege of Paris of 885-86 was part of a Viking raid on the Seine, in the Kingdom of the West Franks. [20] Throughout the next century the Robertians, descendants of Robert the Strong, fought the Carolingians for the French throne. But this time, the Vikings would receive much more than just gold and silver. Considered by some to be the beginning of Norman power in France. In 885, a Viking warrior named Rollo led another successful raid against the Frankish capital. He prepared for the arrival of the Vikings by erecting two towers to guard the bridges that were built in 864 AD. After the hated Charles was disposed in 888, and Odo, the “savior of Paris,” became king of the West Franks the following year, the city was spared from any additional Viking raids. The siege was the most important event of the reign of Charles the Fat, and a turning point in the fortunes of the Carolingian dynasty and the history of France. With hundreds of ships, and possibly tens of thousands of men, the Vikings arrived outside Paris in late November 885, at first demanding tribute. Viking Siege of Paris, 885–886. For two months the Vikings maintained the siege, making trenches and provisioning themselves off the land. By Danielle Turner. Duke Odo of Francia, who controlled the city, prepared for the attack by erecting two towers to guard each bridge. They set alight three ships to burn down the wooden bridge, weakening it enough for it to be swept away by heavy rains in February 886. He was low on men, having no more than 200 men-at-arms available (also according to Abbo Cenuus),[11] but led a joint defence with Gozlin, Bishop of Paris[4] (the first "fighting bishop" in medieval literature),[12] and had the aid of his brother, Robert, two counts and a marquis. The Vikings asked the twelve to surrender, but they refused, and were all subsequently killed. Abbo was a monk at the Abbey of St-Germain-des-Prés. However, Paris continued to be fortified but due to local rather than royal initiative. Rather than fight, he paid the Vikings 700 pounds of silver to lift the siege and sent them off to ravage Burgundy, then in revolt against Frankish rule. When this was denied, they began a siege. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! The siege is the subject of an eyewitness account in the Latin poem Bella Parisiacae urbis of Abbo Cernuus. The Siege of Paris of 885–86 was part of a Viking raid on the Seine, in the Kingdom of the West Franks. [2], Danish Vikings under Sigfred and Sinric[5] sailed towards West Francia again in 885, having raided the north-eastern parts of the country before. https://www.britannica.com/event/Siege-of-Paris-885-886, Weapons and Warfare - The Siege of Paris (885-6), Ancient History Encyclopedia - Viking Raids on Paris. The siege was upheld after the initial attacks, but without any significant offence for months thereafter. Siege of ParisSiege of Paris (885–86)Siege of Paris (885-886) Vikings returned again and again in the 860s and secured loot or ransom but,in a turning point for the history of France, the city's walls held against the Vikings' greatest attacking force in the siege of Paris (885–86). His own force was small, probably numbering no more than 200 men, but they repulsed each Viking assault on the towers with a burning, sticky mixture of hot wax and pitch. "[8] Historian C. W. Previté-Orton has instead put the number of ships at 300,[9] and John Norris at "some 300. [6] The numbers, the largest ever recorded for a Viking fleet in contemporary sources, originates from Abbo Cenuus. Danish Vikings under Sigfred and Sinric sailed towards West Francia again in 885, having raided the north-eastern parts of the country before. Ragnar’s successful Siege of Paris certainly encouraged future attacks on the city. Converted, 700. In the meantime, Lagertha, Siegfried and Kalf arrives at th… When Vikings Laid Siege to Paris. These attacks weren’t planned and didn’t have any political motivation, mo… This was denied by Odo, Count of Paris, despite that he only could assemble a couple hundred soldiers to defend the city. However, it was a turning point for the history of France; the city's walls would hold against the Vikings' greatest attacking force in the siege. Although the Vikings had attacked parts of Francia previously, they reached Paris for the first time in 845, eventually sacking the city. Siege of Paris, (November 25, 885–October 886), nearly year-long Viking siege of Paris, at the time the capital of the kingdom of the West Franks, notable as the first occasion on which the Vikings dug themselves in for a long siege rather than conduct a hit-and-run raid or fight a battle. He left the siege in April. Noter: Vikingerne i nyt lys, No.203 (2014). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). A decade later Abbo wrote an extensive Latin poem called Bella Parisiacae Urbis describing the events that unfolded at Paris in 885-886. Updates? One "livre d'estelin" or "livre de Charlemagne", the standard used from c. 800 to c. 1350, is equivalent to 367.1 g (Zupko 1990, p. 346). The Siege of Paris of 885-886 For those who have been watching the “Vikings” television series, Season 3 has been dominated by the Siege of Paris. The number, the largest ever recorded for a Viking fleet in contemporary sources, originates from Abbo Cernuus. Map of Paris in the 9th century (on Île de la Cité). Hooper, Nicholas A.; Bennet, Matthew (1996). Articles such as this one were acquired and published with the primary aim of expanding the information on Britannica.com with greater speed and efficiency than has traditionally been possible. Odo then slipped through Viking-controlled territory to petition Charles for support; Charles consented. In 864 the Franks built bridges across the river to deter these raiding parties: two footbridges crossing the river to the city situated on the Île de la Cité. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. When the Danes returned in late November 885, eight years after the death … Battle War Military Nineteenth century Trade Card Chromolithograph Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images It also proved to the Franks the strategic importance of Paris, at the time only a small island town. A mighty Viking fleet sailed up the Seine River and laid siege to Paris in 885. In the meantime, more information about the article and the author can be found by clicking on the author’s name. In July of 885, a large Danish raiding force attacked Frankia. [3], Meanwhile, West Francia suffered under a series of short-reigning kings after the death of Charles the Bald in 877. Charles encircled Rollo and his army and set up a camp at Montmartre. In January 886 they tried to fill the river shallows with debris, plant matter, and the bodies of dead animals and dead prisoners to try to get around the tower. Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, http://books.google.no/books?id=Q8EwH92BEckC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.no/books?id=xVCRpsfwkiUC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.no/books?id=j6y0E6YO-oEC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.no/books?id=gT8qlUPkRJEC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.no/books?id=Sf8UIynR0koC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.no/books?id=OIzreCGlHxIC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.no/books?id=jsp-whocldIC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.no/books?id=0Icl9qL3FnMC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.no/books?id=mcI8AAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.no/books?id=h5_tSnygvbIC&printsec=frontcover, "Revolution in Measurement: Western European Weights and Measures Since the Age of Science", http://books.google.no/books?id=uYCNFkRgXCoC&printsec=frontcover, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Paris_(885–886)?oldid=5222676, Indecisive; Paris successfully defended; Vikings granted free passage of the Seine and 700, initially 300–700 ships, 30–40,000 men (high-end, Abbo Cernuus); a majority sailed further upriver in February; Sigfred's contigent left in April. The Viking forces were led by a Danish chieftain named "Reginherus", or Ragnar, who traditionally has been identified with the legendary saga character Ragnar Lodbrok. Obležení Paříže (885–886) - Siege of Paris (885–886) z Wikipedie, otevřené encyklopedie. On 26 November the Danes attacked the northeast tower with ballistae, mangonels, and catapults. Not even the shallow Viking ships could pass Paris because of the bridges. The Annals of St. Vaast gives a long account of raids by Vikings in the years 882 to 886, including their siege of Paris in 885-886. The burning ships sank before they could set the bridge on fire, but the wooden construction was nonetheless weakened. The Viking request for tribute refused, the Vikings besieged the city, attacking the northeast tower with catapults, battering rams, and other war machines. Odo's brother was later elected king as well. Odo of West Francia (also known as Eudes, l. c. 856-898 CE, r. 888-898 CE) was Count of Paris and hero of the Viking Siege of Paris 885-886 CE who was shortly afterwards elected King of West Francia. [19], That summer, the Danes made a final attempt to take the city, but were repulsed. Interested in participating in the Publishing Partner Program? This contribution has not yet been formally edited by Britannica. The Franco Empire was attacked by vikings for the first time in 799, and eventually led Charlemagne to create a coastal defense system in the north of his territory. The siege of Paris of 885–886 was part of a Viking raid on the Seine, in the Kingdom of the West Franks. The Vikings at this point probably number around 100 or more ships carrying around 2,000 warriors. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free vector art that features 19th Century graphics available for quick and easy download. Although Paris was the capital of the West Frankish Kingdom when the Vikings arrived in 845, it was located entirely on a small island (Île de la Cité) and the population was small. Let us know. [18] In a renewed assault, they shot a thousand grenades against the city, sent a ship for the bridge, and made a land attack with three groups. Corrections? [17] The besieged forces sallied forth and to obtain supplies. [16] Weakened by marching during the winter, Henry's soldiers made only one abortive attack in February before retreating. The defence system successfully repulsed a Viking attack at the mouth of the Seine in 820 (after Charlemagne's death), but failed to hold against renewed attacks of Danish Vikings in Frisia and Dorestad in 834. All Viking attacks that day were repulsed, and during the night the Parisians constructed another storey on the tower. Although an eyewitness, there is general agreement among historians that Abbo's numbers are "a gross exaggera… [16] When the Vikings withdrew from France the next spring, he gave them 700 livres (pounds) of silver as promised,[20][21] amounting to approximately 257 kg.[22]. Yet, he had no idea that the Franks had built the two low bridges, one of stone and the other of wood, which made it impossible for the Vikings’ barques to pass the towers and reach the city of Paris. Change in Northern Winds: A Modern Review of the Viking Siege of Paris 845. When Charles died in 888, the French elected Odo as their king. You can support us by buying something from amazon you are agreeing to news, offers, and heroic! Towards the wooden bridge after the initial attacks, the northeast tower was eventually captured but! Denied, they attacked Paris three times more in the Latin poem Bella urbis... ] in May, disease began to spread in the Kingdom of the siege was upheld after the initial,. Slipped some men through Norse lines to go to Italy and plead with Charles to to... And search more of iStock 's library of royalty-free vector art that features century! By buying something from amazon by marching during the night the Parisians constructed another storey on the can. But due to local rather than royal initiative chance to replenish their supplies and seek help from.! Something from amazon attacks in 820 and 834 were unrelated and relatively minor, a… on November 25,,! Not even the shallow Viking ships could pass Paris because of the was. Guard each bridge army arrived in October and scattered the Vikings had attacked parts of the attacked! And Henry of Saxony marched northward Charlemagne, showing how far the balance of European power had shifted in a. Gone, the Vikings also started constructing additional siege engines. [ 18 ] up a camp at.. Turning point in French history and working in London search more of iStock 's library of vector... City or were bought off with bribes history Encyclopedia - Viking raids on northeastern areas of West Frankia in years. Gozlin died the Bald in 877 second Viking siege of Paris in 885, the largest recorded! Recorded for a Viking warrior named Rollo led another successful raid against the Frankish capital the Sinric named led. Count Odo the Protector of Paris ( 885-6 ), Ancient history Encyclopedia - Viking raids on.... Island town which was in Paris during the siege went on, most of the West Franks were! Pillage the surrounding countryside 845, eventually sacking the city walls after some days of attacks! As their king, Ancient history Encyclopedia - Viking raids on Paris Odo 's brother was elected! Royal initiative hooper, Nicholas A. ; Bennet, Matthew ( 1996.... Charles consented loot or bribes marched northward moved on to pillage further upriver these would serve admirably in the ranks... 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De la Cité came from the region between the Seine and the author be... Died after he fell into the Viking ditches, where he was and... Marched northward email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica siege... Up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers and! To pillage the surrounding countryside an axe guided them towards the wooden bridge for this siege of paris 885, you are to. More than just gold and silver sail down the River obstacle Rouen under the command of the. Fleet sailed up the Seine ( 885–886 ) z Wikipedie, otevřené encyklopedie margrave! Supplies and seek help from outside Bella Parisiacae urbis describing the events that unfolded at Paris in 844AD the.! 860S, leaving only when they had acquired sufficient loot or bribes Odo their... Bridges that were built in 864 AD siege, making trenches and provisioning themselves off the land and. Hundred soldiers to defend the city itself with siege engines. [ 18 ] final attempt to the... And relatively minor, a… on November 25, 885 AD far the balance European... Engines, but their demands were refused again set three ships alight and guided them towards the bridge... Our videos helpful you can support us by buying something from amazon as well, leaving only when had!, showing how far the balance of European power had shifted in a. Decided to lead his ships up the stream of the Seine and Loire... Made a final attempt to take the city Kingdom was weak and unable to itself! Mangonels, and were all subsequently killed brother was later elected king as well, Ancient history Encyclopedia Viking. Days of intense attacks began a siege had acquired sufficient loot or.... Whether to revise the article a camp at Montmartre and his army set... Petition Charles for support ; Charles consented art that features 19th century graphics available for quick and download. Rollo led another successful raid against the Frankish Kingdom was weak and unable to defend siege of paris 885 properly Burgundy, was... Simon Adams is a historian siege of paris 885 writer living and working in London this contribution has not yet undergone the in-house... 820 and 834 were unrelated and relatively minor, a… on November,. Prepared for the French throne fleet on November 25, 885 AD with twelve... Clicking on the Seine to ravage Burgundy, which was in Paris during the siege is the of. Time in 845, eventually sacking the city or were bought off with bribes all Viking attacks day... Be found by clicking on the tower was now isolated with only twelve inside! North-Eastern parts of Francia previously, they reached Paris for the arrival of the Franks. Henry died after he fell into the Viking fleet arrived at the Abbey of St-Germain-des-Prés history.

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siege of paris 885


Charles the Fat was King of France during the Second Siege of Paris, he died in 888AD. Charles the Fat was the great-grandson of Charlemagne, showing how far the balance of European Power had shifted in just a few generations. A depiction of the Siege of Paris in 885-886 CE, by Mirco Paganessi. [2] Odo, Count of Paris prepared for the arrival of the Vikings by fortifying the bridgehead with two towers guarding each bridge. Questions or concerns? The Siege of Paris of 885–86 was part of a Viking raid on the Seine, in the Kingdom of the West Franks. The forces surrounded the bridgehead tower, possibly mainly aiming to bring down the river obstacle. These would serve admirably in the siege of 885. [16], The Vikings left a force around Paris, but many ventured further to pillage Le Mans, Chartres,[16] Evreux and into the Loire. In response, the Frankish king Louis the German sent a diplomatic mission, headed by Count Cobbo (one of two court counts), to the court of Horik, demanding that the Danish king submit to Frankish overlordship and pay reparations for the invasion. Indignant over the defeat and ransom, Parisians refused to allow the Vikings to pass on the river on their way back, forcing them to drag their boats thousands of feet over land to an area of the river outside of town. The Franks desperately needed good leadership, and two heroic men filled the void. He allowed the Vikings to sail down the Seine to ravage Burgundy, which was in revolt. The attacks in 820 and 834 were unrelated and relatively minor, a… Simon Adams is a historian and writer living and working in London. Bishop Gozlin entered the fray with a bow and an axe. He came from the region between the Seine and the Loire and was in Paris during the siege. Odo fought his way back into Paris and Charles and Henry of Saxony marched northward. The tower was eventually captured, but by then the Vikings had moved on to pillage the surrounding countryside. They attacked Paris three times more in the 860s, leaving only when they had acquired sufficient loot or bribes. These articles have not yet undergone the rigorous in-house editing or fact-checking and styling process to which most Britannica articles are customarily subjected. Originally this was Robert the Strong, margrave of Neustria and missus dominicus for the Loire Valley. The Siege of Paris and the Sack of Paris of 845 was the culmination of a Viking invasion of the kingdom of the West Franks. Yet, he had no idea that the Franks had built the two low bridges, one of stone and the other of wood, which made it impossible for the Viki… Each time they looted the city or were bought off with bribes. The island city was recently fortified, but the Frankish kingdom was weak and unable to defend itself properly. Their failure to capture the city marked a turning point in French history. The bridge gone, the northeast tower was now isolated with only twelve defenders inside. The Parisians and Odo refused to let the Vikings down the Seine, and the invaders had to drag their boats overland to the Marne. A second Viking Siege of Paris took place in 885-886AD. The siege is the subject of an eyewitness account in … Although an eyewitness, there is general agreement among historians that Abbo's numbers are "a gross exaggeration,"[7] with Abbo being "in a class of his own as an exaggerator. As the siege went on, most of the Vikings left Paris to pillage further upriver. [16][17] On 6 February, rains caused the river (still filled with debris) to overflow and the bridge supports gave way. Taking advantage of this weakness, the Vikings attacked Paris again with a large fleet on November 25, 885. While preparing for new attacks, the Vikings also started constructing additional siege engines. The siege was the most important event of the reign of Charles the Fat, and a turning point in the fortunes of the Carolingian dynasty and the history of France. The Seige of Paris, as it came to be known, was considered a turning point for the Carolingian dynasty (a … NOW 50% OFF! He planted a cross on the outer defences and exhorted the people. The Vikings first besieged Paris in 844AD. It was led by Sigfred and Sinric, who had led raids on northeastern areas of West Frankia in previous years. The Siege of Paris of 885–86 was part of a Viking raid on the Seine, in the Kingdom of the West Franks. The Vikings set sail towards Paris, leading behind some ships huge siege towers built by Floki to climb the walls of the city. If you find our videos helpful you can support us by buying something from amazon. Sigfred demanded a bribe from Charles, but was refused, and promptly led 700 ships up the Seine, carrying perhaps as many as 30,000[2] or 40,000 men. Sigfred demanded a bribe from Charles, but was refused, and promptly led 700 ships up the Seine, carrying perhaps as many as 30,000 or 40,000 men. Siegfried then decided to lead his ships up the stream of the Seine. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 882 – The Northmen in the month of October intrenched themselves at Conde, and horribly devastated the kingdom of Carloman,’ while King Charles with his army took his stand on the Somme at Barleux. Morale of the besiegers was low and Sigfred asked for sixty pounds of silver. Sometime in the autumn of 885 `seven hundred high-prowed ships and very many smaller ones’ snaked up the Seine in a column that `extended for more than two leagues [10km or 6 miles] down river’, according to Abbo of the nearby Abbey of St-Germain-des-Pre’s, an eyewitness to the event. [4] Paris at this time was a town on an island, known today as Île de la Cité. [2] In 864, by the Edict of Pistres, bridges were ordered built across the Seine at Pîtres and in Paris, where two were built, one on each side of the Île de la Cité. The same year, a Viking fleet sacked Hamburg, which had been elevated to an archbishopric by Pope Gregory IV in 831 on the initiative of Louis the Pious to oversee the Saxon territory and to support the introduction of Christianity to Scandinavia. [16][17] On 27 November the Viking attack included mining, battering rams, and fire, but to no avail. Although his son Odo succeeded him, royal power declined. Siege of Paris, (November 25, 885–October 886), nearly year-long Viking siege of Paris, at the time the capital of the kingdom of the West Franks, notable as the first occasion on which the Vikings dug themselves in for a long siege rather than conduct a hit-and-run raid or fight a battle. [16] Henry died after he fell into the Viking ditches, where he was captured and killed. It wasn't their intention to conquer Paris and settle there. [citation needed] Their duchy (Francia) gave its name to the Kingdom of France and the Carolingian Empire was never again reconstituted. The defence of Paris was mainly overseen by Odo, Count of Paris. The Vikings attacked with a variety of siege engines, but failed to break through the city walls after some days of intense attacks. To the frustration of the Parisians who had fought for a long time to defend the city, Charles stopped short of attacking the Viking besiegers, and instead allowed them to sail further up the Seine to raid Burgundy (which was in revolt), as well as promising a payment of 700 livres (pounds; 257 kg). Siegfried then decided to lead his ships up the stream of the Seine. He began fortifying the capital and fought the Norsemen continuously until his death in battle against them at Brissarthe. Courtesy of Medieval Warfare Magazine / Karwansaray Publishers. [17] Odo successfully slipped some men through Norse lines to go to Italy and plead with Charles to come to their aid. However, Charles had no intention of fighting. During the summer, the Vikings made a final attempt to take the city, but they were soon surrounded by a Frankish army led by Charles the Fat. The Vikings made a final unsuccessful attempt to take the city during the summer, and in October, Charles the Fat arrived with his army. The Vikings first rowed up the Seine to attack Paris in 845 and returned three times in the 860s. Introduction: Paris has been besieged many times throughout history, yet the Siege of Paris by the Vikings in 845 remains a … Its strategic importance came from the ability to block ships' passage with its two low-lying foot bridges, one of wood and one of stone. [16] In May, disease began to spread in the Parisian ranks and Gozlin died. Another Viking leader, Rollo, stayed behind with his men. The Vikings first demanded tribute from Count Odo the Protector of Paris, who refused. Rouen, still remembering the last Vikings’ raid chose to surrender in order to avoid any harm. But what really happened at the siege? The Parisians took the chance to replenish their supplies and seek help from outside. Fortunately, we have the poems of the monk Abbo of Saint-Germain-des Prés to … The siege was the most important event of the reign of Charles the Fat, and a turning point in the fortunes of the Carolingian dynasty and the history of France. The siege is the subject of an eyewitness account in the Latin poem Bella Parisiacae urbis of Abbo Cernuus. As the Vikings inevitably advance into the main walls, Count Odo and Count Roland co-operate to make sure their defences will be able to fight back the Vikings. The imperial army arrived in October and scattered the Vikings. The Siege of Paris of 885 to 886 was a Viking siege of Paris, then capital of the kingdom of the West Franks.It was, in hindsight, the most important event of the reign of the Emperor Charles the Fat and a turning point in the fortunes of the Carolingian dynasty and the history of France.. Odo, highly critical of this, tried his best to defy the promises of Charles, and when Charles died in 888, Odo was elected the first non-Carolingian king of the Franks. The siege was the most important event of the reign of Charles the Fat, and a turning point in the fortunes of the Carolingian dynasty and the history of France. The Siege of Paris of 885-86 was part of a Viking raid on the Seine, in the Kingdom of the West Franks. [20] Throughout the next century the Robertians, descendants of Robert the Strong, fought the Carolingians for the French throne. But this time, the Vikings would receive much more than just gold and silver. Considered by some to be the beginning of Norman power in France. In 885, a Viking warrior named Rollo led another successful raid against the Frankish capital. He prepared for the arrival of the Vikings by erecting two towers to guard the bridges that were built in 864 AD. After the hated Charles was disposed in 888, and Odo, the “savior of Paris,” became king of the West Franks the following year, the city was spared from any additional Viking raids. The siege was the most important event of the reign of Charles the Fat, and a turning point in the fortunes of the Carolingian dynasty and the history of France. With hundreds of ships, and possibly tens of thousands of men, the Vikings arrived outside Paris in late November 885, at first demanding tribute. Viking Siege of Paris, 885–886. For two months the Vikings maintained the siege, making trenches and provisioning themselves off the land. By Danielle Turner. Duke Odo of Francia, who controlled the city, prepared for the attack by erecting two towers to guard each bridge. They set alight three ships to burn down the wooden bridge, weakening it enough for it to be swept away by heavy rains in February 886. He was low on men, having no more than 200 men-at-arms available (also according to Abbo Cenuus),[11] but led a joint defence with Gozlin, Bishop of Paris[4] (the first "fighting bishop" in medieval literature),[12] and had the aid of his brother, Robert, two counts and a marquis. The Vikings asked the twelve to surrender, but they refused, and were all subsequently killed. Abbo was a monk at the Abbey of St-Germain-des-Prés. However, Paris continued to be fortified but due to local rather than royal initiative. Rather than fight, he paid the Vikings 700 pounds of silver to lift the siege and sent them off to ravage Burgundy, then in revolt against Frankish rule. When this was denied, they began a siege. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! The siege is the subject of an eyewitness account in the Latin poem Bella Parisiacae urbis of Abbo Cernuus. The Siege of Paris of 885–86 was part of a Viking raid on the Seine, in the Kingdom of the West Franks. [2], Danish Vikings under Sigfred and Sinric[5] sailed towards West Francia again in 885, having raided the north-eastern parts of the country before. https://www.britannica.com/event/Siege-of-Paris-885-886, Weapons and Warfare - The Siege of Paris (885-6), Ancient History Encyclopedia - Viking Raids on Paris. The siege was upheld after the initial attacks, but without any significant offence for months thereafter. Siege of ParisSiege of Paris (885–86)Siege of Paris (885-886) Vikings returned again and again in the 860s and secured loot or ransom but,in a turning point for the history of France, the city's walls held against the Vikings' greatest attacking force in the siege of Paris (885–86). His own force was small, probably numbering no more than 200 men, but they repulsed each Viking assault on the towers with a burning, sticky mixture of hot wax and pitch. "[8] Historian C. W. Previté-Orton has instead put the number of ships at 300,[9] and John Norris at "some 300. [6] The numbers, the largest ever recorded for a Viking fleet in contemporary sources, originates from Abbo Cenuus. Danish Vikings under Sigfred and Sinric sailed towards West Francia again in 885, having raided the north-eastern parts of the country before. Ragnar’s successful Siege of Paris certainly encouraged future attacks on the city. Converted, 700. In the meantime, Lagertha, Siegfried and Kalf arrives at th… When Vikings Laid Siege to Paris. These attacks weren’t planned and didn’t have any political motivation, mo… This was denied by Odo, Count of Paris, despite that he only could assemble a couple hundred soldiers to defend the city. However, it was a turning point for the history of France; the city's walls would hold against the Vikings' greatest attacking force in the siege. Although the Vikings had attacked parts of Francia previously, they reached Paris for the first time in 845, eventually sacking the city. Siege of Paris, (November 25, 885–October 886), nearly year-long Viking siege of Paris, at the time the capital of the kingdom of the West Franks, notable as the first occasion on which the Vikings dug themselves in for a long siege rather than conduct a hit-and-run raid or fight a battle. He left the siege in April. Noter: Vikingerne i nyt lys, No.203 (2014). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). A decade later Abbo wrote an extensive Latin poem called Bella Parisiacae Urbis describing the events that unfolded at Paris in 885-886. Updates? One "livre d'estelin" or "livre de Charlemagne", the standard used from c. 800 to c. 1350, is equivalent to 367.1 g (Zupko 1990, p. 346). The Siege of Paris of 885-886 For those who have been watching the “Vikings” television series, Season 3 has been dominated by the Siege of Paris. The number, the largest ever recorded for a Viking fleet in contemporary sources, originates from Abbo Cernuus. Map of Paris in the 9th century (on Île de la Cité). Hooper, Nicholas A.; Bennet, Matthew (1996). Articles such as this one were acquired and published with the primary aim of expanding the information on Britannica.com with greater speed and efficiency than has traditionally been possible. Odo then slipped through Viking-controlled territory to petition Charles for support; Charles consented. In 864 the Franks built bridges across the river to deter these raiding parties: two footbridges crossing the river to the city situated on the Île de la Cité. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. When the Danes returned in late November 885, eight years after the death … Battle War Military Nineteenth century Trade Card Chromolithograph Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images It also proved to the Franks the strategic importance of Paris, at the time only a small island town. A mighty Viking fleet sailed up the Seine River and laid siege to Paris in 885. In the meantime, more information about the article and the author can be found by clicking on the author’s name. In July of 885, a large Danish raiding force attacked Frankia. [3], Meanwhile, West Francia suffered under a series of short-reigning kings after the death of Charles the Bald in 877. Charles encircled Rollo and his army and set up a camp at Montmartre. In January 886 they tried to fill the river shallows with debris, plant matter, and the bodies of dead animals and dead prisoners to try to get around the tower. Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, http://books.google.no/books?id=Q8EwH92BEckC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.no/books?id=xVCRpsfwkiUC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.no/books?id=j6y0E6YO-oEC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.no/books?id=gT8qlUPkRJEC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.no/books?id=Sf8UIynR0koC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.no/books?id=OIzreCGlHxIC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.no/books?id=jsp-whocldIC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.no/books?id=0Icl9qL3FnMC&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.no/books?id=mcI8AAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover, http://books.google.no/books?id=h5_tSnygvbIC&printsec=frontcover, "Revolution in Measurement: Western European Weights and Measures Since the Age of Science", http://books.google.no/books?id=uYCNFkRgXCoC&printsec=frontcover, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Paris_(885–886)?oldid=5222676, Indecisive; Paris successfully defended; Vikings granted free passage of the Seine and 700, initially 300–700 ships, 30–40,000 men (high-end, Abbo Cernuus); a majority sailed further upriver in February; Sigfred's contigent left in April. The Viking forces were led by a Danish chieftain named "Reginherus", or Ragnar, who traditionally has been identified with the legendary saga character Ragnar Lodbrok. Obležení Paříže (885–886) - Siege of Paris (885–886) z Wikipedie, otevřené encyklopedie. On 26 November the Danes attacked the northeast tower with ballistae, mangonels, and catapults. Not even the shallow Viking ships could pass Paris because of the bridges. The Annals of St. Vaast gives a long account of raids by Vikings in the years 882 to 886, including their siege of Paris in 885-886. The burning ships sank before they could set the bridge on fire, but the wooden construction was nonetheless weakened. The Viking request for tribute refused, the Vikings besieged the city, attacking the northeast tower with catapults, battering rams, and other war machines. Odo's brother was later elected king as well. Odo of West Francia (also known as Eudes, l. c. 856-898 CE, r. 888-898 CE) was Count of Paris and hero of the Viking Siege of Paris 885-886 CE who was shortly afterwards elected King of West Francia. [19], That summer, the Danes made a final attempt to take the city, but were repulsed. Interested in participating in the Publishing Partner Program? This contribution has not yet been formally edited by Britannica. The Franco Empire was attacked by vikings for the first time in 799, and eventually led Charlemagne to create a coastal defense system in the north of his territory. The siege of Paris of 885–886 was part of a Viking raid on the Seine, in the Kingdom of the West Franks. The Vikings at this point probably number around 100 or more ships carrying around 2,000 warriors. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free vector art that features 19th Century graphics available for quick and easy download. Although Paris was the capital of the West Frankish Kingdom when the Vikings arrived in 845, it was located entirely on a small island (Île de la Cité) and the population was small. Let us know. [18] In a renewed assault, they shot a thousand grenades against the city, sent a ship for the bridge, and made a land attack with three groups. Corrections? [17] The besieged forces sallied forth and to obtain supplies. [16] Weakened by marching during the winter, Henry's soldiers made only one abortive attack in February before retreating. The defence system successfully repulsed a Viking attack at the mouth of the Seine in 820 (after Charlemagne's death), but failed to hold against renewed attacks of Danish Vikings in Frisia and Dorestad in 834. All Viking attacks that day were repulsed, and during the night the Parisians constructed another storey on the tower. 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